The study of classification principles, of structuring and functioning of folk omens in terms of new promising directions focusing on social and anthropological factors, allows solving the range of problems related to the storage in the language of a whole complex of knowledge: social and individual, linguistic and extralinguistic. This article is devoted to the study of folk, or naive meteorology, fended in Russian paroemias. Knowledge and conceptualization of the ordinary consciousness of native speakers of Russian about the natural conditions of human existence are fixed primarily in folk omens related to the weather prediction, that’s why they were chosen as the object of research.
The main purpose of the work is to describe the lexical-semantic group indicating the accumulation of atmospheric substance in the Russian language and to identify the main ways of expressing folk meteorology. In addition, the study has led to the belief that the structure of folk omens is universal, as it is built on the formula "If A, then B should be expected" which externally looks like a logical implication, but at the heart of any sign is an “expectation” that does not require justification or motivation . The results of the study which has been conducted for over 30 years show that meteorological and agricultural signs are gradually moving into a passive vocabulary of the Russian language. Among the arguments in favor of this conclusion we can note the emergence of a significant number of the scientific researches focused on the description of superstitious and domestic signs.