E-ISSN 2651-2629
Applied Linguistics Research Journal - ALRJournal: 5 (8)
Volume: 5  Issue: 8 - 2021
1.Correlates and Predictors of Psychological Well-being of an Individual in a Situation of Pandemic Risk of COVID 19
Ekaterina Titova, Elena Rylskaya, Olga Shumakova, Tatyana Nalivayko, Daria Dubrovina, Nelly Savelyeva, Elena Yashchenko, Yana Zhakupova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.92408  Pages 1 - 10
The pandemic of a new and dangerous coronavirus infection turned out to be the global stimulus that had a powerful impact on the existing world order. Not surprisingly, the problem of covid-19 from different angles immediately became a frequent "guest" on the pages of scientific and publications. In the period since the appearance of the corresponding statement by the WHO and up to the present, the total number of publications on this topic only on the portal elibrary.ru is 16877 articles. The scale of psychological developments related to covid-19 is less significant in general but is characterized by significant volumes and breadth of coverage. As of early July 2020, more than 15,000 research undertakings have been recorded in Germany, Great Britain, the USA, Canada, and the Asian continent. This general body of research can be grouped into several main areas. At present, issues related to the possibility of creating the conditions necessary for the favorable development of the personality and increasing the efficiency of its functioning in an environment of the direct influence of stressful influences are of particular value. That is why it becomes relevant to study the phenomenon of psychological well-being, considering a person's stay on high alert, associated with the fight against the spread of a new coronavirus infection. It is of interest to consider the phenomenon of psychological well-being in relation to those potentials that can provide it in extreme conditions (resilience and stress resistance). Therefore, the purpose of this work was to study resilience and stress resistance as correlates and predictors of psychological well-being. The article examines resilience and stress resistance as specific resources for the psychological well-being of an individual during the covid-19 pandemic.

2.Integration of mobile technologies in online English teaching for adults
Olga Novokhatskaya
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.92195  Pages 11 - 16
The research is devoted to the study of the characteristics of adult students as a separate psychological and age group; the specifics of educational materials for online English are considered; the effectiveness of the modular organization of educational material is proved. A model of integration of mobile technologies in the process of teaching adults English is proposed; the structure of a modular mobile course that implements one of the stages of the model is considered; the results of experimental training according to the proposed model are analyzed.

3.Problem-based tasks and issues as categories and tools of linguomethodology
Nina Navichna Romanova, Elena Anatoljevna Yakovleva, Ksenia Dmitrievna Zatsepina, Svetlana Anatoljevna Kurbatova, Marina Leonidovna Burak
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.89166  Pages 17 - 25
The article is devoted to analysis of the key categories of linguomethodology and theories of the cognitive activity – of the concepts of problem-based tasks and problem- based issues in relation to the linguo-communicative training of specialists in a technical University. The study of the multi-faceted source base of the research, including scientific-theoretical and methodological works, reference literature on the topic, allowed the authors to focus their methodological search on comparing the interpretations of the problem-solving tasks, problem-solving assignments and problem-solving issues, to identify similarities and differences in the content of the concepts under consideration, to determine the areas of their practical application in language education as pedagogical tools of problem-based learning technology. The article reveals the significant didactic potential of problem-based learning, its focus on stimulating and activating the cognitive activity of students, when the teacher does not provide knowledge in a ready-made form, but encourages students to look for ways and means to solve the search tasks facing them.
In the context of competence-based paradigm in modern higher education and in projection on the linguistic-and-educational process of the University considered the possibility of application of various elements of problem-based learning in lectures and seminars on the subjects "Russian language and speech culture", "Russian language for business communication" at the technical University. The authors propose a system of exercises that implements problem-based learning, give examples of problem-solving issues and tasks in these disciplines for students of various technical specialties, and emphasize the importance of search and creative tasks to increase the linguistic-and-cognitive activity of future specialists. As a result of the conducted scientific and methodological research with elements of its practical implementation, a conclusion is made about the methodological feasibility of using the technology of problem-based learning in teaching speech-related disciplines to students of technical universities.

4.Conceptual essence of change of management models in the educational environment: theory and practice
Oksana Bodnar, Mariya Boyko, Oksana Horishna, Volodymyr Naumchuk
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.75547  Pages 26 - 35
The article reveals the content and aspect processes of changes and their consequences in the development of general secondary education institutions. It is substantiated the essence of the concept of “change management” in the context of theoretical achievements. The main change management models are described and analyzed. It is established that the effective activity of secondary schools is accompanied by constant processes of changes. The reasons for them exist both inside and outside general secondary education institutions. According to the identified reasons, change management is a laborious, step-by-step process based on the principles of organizational culture. The basis of vital activity and efficiency of secondary schools largely depends on the qualitative change management in the educational environment.

5.Polygenetic semantics of poetonyms of the novel by J. Joyce “Ulysses” in the aspect of multi-level interpretation
Alina Shuldishova, Viktoriia Bartienieva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.72681  Pages 36 - 44
The research has been done into the onym space of the novel by J. Joyce “Ulysses”. The article is aimed at analyzing the semantics of poetonyms of the novel through hermeneutic interpretation as a complex approach based on detection and analysis of the semantics of proper units which content structure contains semes and connothemes explicated at the linguistic, sociolinguistic, ethnically-related historical and philological levels of interpretation of the multiple meanings embedded in the name by the author. Such a multi-level approach will allow us to determine the specifics of the poetics of the onyms of J. Joyce. The system analysis method based on the ratio of the part and the whole in the text (including the methodology of the hermeneutic circle) has been primarily used to reach the goals set in the research; methods of comparative, component, contextual analysis alongside the descriptive method were also used. A combination of interpretation techniques used in the research allows us to establish polysemantic essence in the majority of the PN of the novel formed taking into account phonetic, semantic, historical, allusive, etc. connections with the space of the text of “Ulysses”, the general text that includes all the works preceding “Ulysses” (“Dubliners”, “Hero Stephen”, “Portrait of the artist in his Youth”), as well as the biography of the writer, and with the space of a broad historical and cultural context (intertext).

6.Predictors of academic achievement and future career engagement according to self-management skills among EFL undergraduate students
Mohammad Sayed Soliman, mosab Elenazi
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.56987  Pages 45 - 53
Self-management refers to the ability of an individual to control his cognition, motivation, behavior and emotions in order to achieve academic, psychological and social balance. An individual with good management skills can achieve success in all areas of life. The current study aimed to identify the correlation between self-management skills ( time management, planning, self-assessment ) and academic achievement, and career engagement, and explore the predictability of TM, P, and SA by academic achievement and career engagement. The study sample consisted of 99 EFL students, divided into (52) males and (47) females. The self-management skills scale and career engagement scale were used as study instruments. The results indicated a significant correlation between time management and academic achievement, a significant correlation between time management and career engagement, a significant correlation between self-assessment and career engagement, time management was a significant predictor of academic achievement, and self-assessment was a significant predictor of career engagement.

7.Examining the Importance of Entrance Screening in Reducing False Positive Students and Predicting Readiness
Ahmad Alsagoafi
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.55822  Pages 54 - 58
Entrance screening is of paramount importance in predicting the readiness of university students. Nonetheless, little research has focused on the relationship between Saudi students' High School Grade Point Average (HSGPA), General Aptitude Test (GAT), Standard Achievement Admission Test (SAAT) and English Language Placement Test (ELPT) scores and their performance through their Grade Point Average (GPA). As such, this quantitative study sought to examine this relationship. The sample of this study consisted of 1131 male and female students. Of those 1131, only 336 students were purposively included in the study. The results showed that HSGPA was the strongest predictor of success at the university, followed by ELPT scores, while GAT & SAAT scores were far less significant. In addition, the findings illustrated that there was a very small significant difference in academic performance between the students who sat for the ELPT and those who did not. Therefore, receiving institutions may wish to prioritize HSGPA marks. They also need to accept only those students who have satisfied the average cutoff scores in any of the aforementioned criteria of success in order to reduce the number of students who may not be able to survive in the DEL to the absolute minimum.

8.Equivalence in technical translation
Tatiana Borodina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.43650  Pages 59 - 67
The quality of translation as an ultimate goal of communication is often associated with the concept of equivalence. The paper raises the issues of equivalence in the translation of technical texts from English into Russian and vice versa, the problems which have not been carefully scrutinized in recent years. For this reason, the main objective of this article was to revitalize the concept and to investigate ways of establishing equivalence at the semantic, syntactic and pragmatic levels in technical translation. The focus of translator`s attention serves as a criteria to categorize various methods. The results of the study revealed the extent to which these methods are applicable for the translation of technical texts. Employment of the dynamic equivalence is restricted by the nature of technical language requiring coherence in logics rather than expressiveness. The formal equivalence being very loyal to the source text is suitable for the translation of universal patterns while it seems inappropriate when dealing with incongruities. Literal approach in most cases deteriorates the quality of technical translation paving the way for false friends. The strategy of functional equivalence is considered as a golden mean for maintaining a balance between the source and target technical texts.
The findings of the paper can be of certain interest not only to linguists but also to engineering students and specialists.

9.Specific Terms and Processes of Corporate Restructuring
Lidiia Pavlovna Mokrova, Liudmila Valentinovna Gantseva, Leonid Valerevich Volkov
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.32656  Pages 68 - 73
The current state of the economy aggravated by instability, coronavirus waves and new digital challenges has caused large-scale changes in business, the public sector and the non-profit sector. As a result, organizations are trying to optimize their assets, and the main universal tool in this process is restructuring. This article dwells on methods, tools and directions of restructuring and its new forms. The proper application of the recommendations developed by the authors will increase the efficiency of restructuring

10.Virtual language environment in teaching Russian as a foreign language: materials, tools and technology for creating online course
Tatiana Petovna Skorikova, Elena Valentinovna Pinevich, Evgeny Alexandrovich Orlov, Galina Mikhailovna Petrova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.31644  Pages 74 - 79
The article considers the structure of the virtual language environment for Russian as a foreign language, which allows students to effectively use various information and educational training electronic resources, as well as search services of Internet technologies to establish interaction between all participants of the educational process. This specialized virtual environment is determined by the specifics of this subject area, its practical orientation and the communicative and activity basis of training. The features of the structure of the virtual educational environment are indicated. The platform "Open MSTU" is described, on which a virtual learning environment is created and electronic resources are placed. The authors describe the structure and educational materials of their electronic textbook Sputnik and the online course "Russian as a foreign language" created on its basis for students of the preparatory department. The special feature of this publication in comparison with the existing textbooks of the Russian language for foreigners is its natural-scientific and engineering-technical educational orientation, which is reflected in the selection of lexical and textual material of the textbook. At the end of the article, it is concluded that the approach developed by the authors allows for the activation of the cognitive activity of students with the effective use of the didactic capabilities of the electronic educational environment within the framework of a blended learning model.

11.FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC DISCOURSE
Valeriy Zhamardiy, Shkola Olena, Iryna Denysovets, Halyna Broslavska, Nataliia Kononets
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.27870  Pages 80 - 86
The article provides a comprehensive analysis of English terms of financial and economic discourse: their structure, semantics, features of functioning and translation. It was found that the peculiarities of the language of financial and economic texts is a low degree of emotionality, active use of professional terminology, figurative expressions as metaphors, winged expressions and figurative clichés. It was investigated that the most common and convenient tool for their translation is the choice of dictionary equivalent, in particular such varieties as translation by lexical equivalent (45.3 %) and translation by search for a variant match (10.1 %), which is natural, because this method is usually the most common when translating texts of many other types. The second most frequently used is transcoding, in particular, its varieties such as transcription (3.3 %), transliteration (4.3 %), mixed transcoding (14.3 %) and adaptive transcoding (11.7 %). Tracing (8.3 %) and descriptive translation (2.7 %) were less frequent.

12.Effective technologies: case-study in teaching translator’s reading
Yulia Nickolaevna Biryukova, Victoria Borisovna Kurilenko, Alexander Alekseevich Barkhudarov, Ekaterina Yurievna Kulikova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.26023  Pages 95 - 105
The paper considers case-studies for the purposes of teaching translator’s reading. An analysis revealed six case study work stages, each of which implied solving various problems faced by the translators of scientific and technical texts. As a result, a technique for teaching translator’s reading was proposed which includes four training cycles containing different numbers of cases depending on the tasks to be solved under each cycle. An experiment was carried out in order to verify the effectiveness of the proposed teaching technique. Final assessments were made at the end of each cycle to estimate the formedness of translator’s reading skills. In addition, a survey of students was conducted to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of this format. The results of these studies led to the conclusion that the proposed model is effective and can be useful for teaching translator’s reading.These findings can be used not only for supplementary translators’ training programs but also for developing similar materials applied to other languages, in qualification upgrading courses for translation trainers, or special translation training programs at linguistic universities and faculties.

13.Self-presentation strategy on the official websites of the Russian and German travel agencies
Larisa Shchipitsina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.22599  Pages 106 - 114
Different communication forms on the Internet are a very important and effective way of global communication in different spheres today. But they are still under investigated from discourse and linguistic point of view. Thus, the research purpose of this article is to explore self-presentation as a discourse strategy realized on the official websites of travel agencies to find the effective ways of self-presentation in tourism discourse. German and Russian travel agencies websites representing different countries with growing tourism potential are used as empirical material for a complex linguistic analysis of self-presentation strategies and tactics. The results of the investigation show that the most often used self-presentation tactics are objectified and personalized self-nomination, positioning, defining the own socially appreciated features, personifying itself as a friend to the client, explicating the company’s destination to meet its client’s wishes. The research shows that these tactics are realized on the homepages of Russian and German tourism websites by using the company’s name, logo and, optionally, the slogan and plain text. Different self-presentation tactics can be mostly found on a special ‘about us’ webpage.

14.Conceptual Foundations of Modern Mythology
Tetiana Tsepkalo
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.20533  Pages 115 - 124
The objective of the article is to analyze theoretical and applied myth studies, to establish the role of myth in the process of mythopoeia, to identify the artistic work’s mythopoetic peculiarities that combine imaginative and emotional thinking, subconscious achievements of general culture, auteur worldviews, mythological schemes, structures, motives, symbols, means of poetic speech, etc.
Investigation of mythological structures in the poet's artistic worldview system is the key to deciphering the in-depth meanings of the author's myth-thinking. This includes both broader worldwide and more specific ethnic-national cultural achievements along with the individual worldview features, which are formed on rational experience and integrate both actual and imagined reality. All components of the mythic consciousness at the sensory level are most frequently implemented in the works of literature. The universe is explained through ancient ideas and beliefsreflecting ontological and axiological concepts at the mental-verbal level. The mythopoetic analysis of the artistic text allows a more profound understanding and interpretation of the author’s worldview. It deals with immersing into the dimension of poetic allusions, deciphering the implicit code of the poet’s speech, identification of objective and subjective reasons to appeal to ethnocultural sources.
The results obtained can be practically employed in teaching such disciplines as: “Theory of Literature”, “History of Literature of the 20th Century”, “Mythological and Neo-Mythological Schools in Literary Science”, as well as in the development of manuals and textbooks, in the study of the mythopoetics of an artistic work.
The scientific novelty of this work lies in an improved scientific approach to the interpreting paradigm ofmyth, archetype, archetypal image, and mythology. The said approach promotes analysis of the methods of implementing the myth in the art of the twentieth century, its impact on the formation of the artist's narrative, and transforming it into literature mythologism

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