E-ISSN 2651-2629
Applied Linguistics Research Journal - ALRJournal: 5 (10)
Volume: 5  Issue: 10 - 2021
1.Formation of cross-cultural communication skills of future service specialists
Volodymyr Naumchuk, Valentyna Gorlach, Anna Sydoruk, Halyna Omelianenko, Valeriy Panchenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.15428  Pages 1 - 11
The purpose of the study is to determine the content and organizational and pedagogical conditions for the formation of cross-cultural communication skills of future specialists in the field of service and involves the development and experimental verification of the relevant structural and functional model. Cross-cultural communication is a process of information exchange among representatives of different cultures, which aims to establish mutual understanding through the achievement of conformity of different culturally determined value systems. The main components of a holistic set of cross-cultural communication skills of service specialists are considered to be cross-cultural communication skills, cross-cultural behavior skills and socio-perceptual skills, which correlate with certain components of the structure of the communication process. Construction of a structural and functional model of cross-cultural communication skills formation of future service specialists is determined by the target, organizational, information and technological and diagnostic and effective blocks, and the effectiveness of this pedagogical process is achieved by implementing such organizational and pedagogical conditions as: providing a cross-cultural component of the content of professional training of future service specialists; realization of quasi-professional cross-cultural activity of future specialists in the field of service with the use of innovative pedagogical technologies; introduction of foreign language training on the basis of subject-language integrated learning; organization of communicative educational and professional activities in an intercultural environment with the help of case methods and portfolios.

2.Memory in Second Language Acquisition from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: The Role of Print vs On-line Media
Marcel Pikhart, Blanka Klimova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.21957  Pages 12 - 16
The role of memory in first and second language acquisition plays a crucial role, however, research into this role has never been very intense. The context of neuroscience, cognitive science, cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics sheds new light on memory and its important role in foreign language learning (FLL), i.e. second language (L2) acquisition. The aim of this mini-review is, first, to bring together current cutting-edge research focusing on the topic of FLL and its connection to memory. Second, the paper also aims at hinting new ideas connected to future trends of research on the role of memory in L2 acquisition. And finally, the overall aim of this mini-review is to draw the attention of psycholinguistic scholars to the issue of memory in FLL as it has not recently gained enough attention despite the fact that the current technologies have put a lot of pressure on cognitive functions of our brain and this impact should be consistently researched.

3.Phonetic Thinking by Arab Philosophers
Abeer Alshbeil, Bassam Al Adhamat
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.25348  Pages 17 - 22
This study sought to identify the phonetic opinions of philosophers in Arabic
consonants and their relationship to the Arabic phonetic lesson, and to reveal the
effort they made in studying the development of consonants, and the sincerity of
the rules of phonetic development in other languages on Arabic consonants.
This study consists of many sections after an introduction. In the first section:
the research dealt with the beginnings of philosophical thinking by Arab
philosophers (Al-Kindi 256AH), while the second section: addressed the rooting
phase of phonetics by philosophers in the fourth century (Farabi339AH), and in the
third section: the research dealt with phonetic thinking in the fifth century
(Ibn Sina 428AH) and finally the fourth section dealt with phonetic thinking after
the 5th century (Razi606AH). The study concluded that the phonetic view provided
by Arab philosophers corresponds to the data of modern phonetics, and their
phonetic study is characterized by a focus on the (physical) aspect because it is one
of the most prominent topics focused on philosophy, but the phonetic linguistic
thought of vowels and consonants was present in their writings., and later this
became the base on which the modern phoneticians built their theories.

4.Comparative analysis of genres "editorial" and "op-ed"
Ekaterina Andreevna Nikonova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.36034  Pages 23 - 29
Digital technologies have changed the newspaper a lot, causing its genre evolution. In the focus of this research there are two genres – editorial and op-ed – which initially emerged as contrasting text formats whose opposition was realized in two ways: they are placed on the “opposite” pages as well as they transmit “opposite positions”. However as newspapers went online this “opposition” has lost its relevance. The aim of our research was to analyze the current state of both genres with an emphasis on their interrelation. For this purpose we analyzed 100 editorial and op-ed texts from the online versions of the leading English broadsheets The New York Times, The Guardian, The Telegraph, The Washington Post from 2019-2021 in terms of their social setting, purpose, the intended audience, topic, structure and style. The results of the analysis demonstrated that both genres are focused on expressing independent opinions, are highly expressive and focus on a variety of topics, thus structure and intended audience differ. The original concept of the genres demonstrating balance of opinions has blurred.

5.Cultural conditionality of the process of foreign-language perception, cogitation and activity
Nelly Savelyeva, Olga Pavlova, Natalija Pochitalkina, Yana Zhakupova, Svetlana Batueva, Oksana Gerasimova, Surovtseva Svetlana, Nadezhda Alekhina, Pyrkova Tamara
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.40221  Pages 30 - 33
All types of postgraduate education and advanced training in the field of intercultural communication offered by educational institutions in recent years are based on the idea of stimulating and ensuring comfortable interaction of people of different nationalities and cultures. The same wording applies to the numerous initiatives to support and stimulate intercultural cooperation, as well as the huge number of relevant publications, educational and training materials. Carefully thought out goals and objectives do not always ensure the achievement of the declared results necessary for the implementation of joint intercultural activities. Where the main goal is natural and comfortable interaction, on the contrary, stereotypes and prejudices increase, there is stiffness in communication between representatives of different cultures and nationalities, and tolerance does not always get realized at the desired level.

6.Englishisms in the Ukrainian lenguage: linguistic and ecological aspect
Tetiana Shynkar, &1058;&1077;&1090;&1103;&1085;&1072; &1051;&1077;&1074;&1095;&1077;&1085;&1082;&1086;, Mariia Pangelova, Yuliia Molotkina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.56563  Pages 34 - 48
The article considers the functioning of Englishisms in the modern media text, which have recently become much more active. These borrowings are called new processes, phenomena, objects and signs that have appeared at the present stage of human development. In addition, foreign lexemes can replace and displace specific Ukrainian words.
It is concluded that in the lenguage of the print media the lexical-semantic system continues to develop in line with the trends of internationalization or globalization, which testifies to the active borrowing of foreign lenguage vocabulary, in particular technology, socio-political processes, etc.

7.Translators in Disguise: The Profile of Polish Unofficial Audiovisual Translators
Michal Organ
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.59913  Pages 49 - 57
The study aims to provide some general information on the people who provide unofficial audiovisual translations in Poland. The phenomenon of unauthorized audiovisual translation is on the rise and several translation groups specializing in this type of translation have emerged. Their members as well as some individual translators publishing their works on the Internet are the target of the analysis. The conducted online survey encompassed over 50 questions discussing, inter alia, such issues as the previous education of respondents, especially their involvement in potential courses and classes usually associated with translation, the source of their translation knowledge and skills, further plans for enhancing their translation skills, translation experience and occupation performed on a daily basis, the most frequently translated types and genres of audiovisual materials, their attitudes towards delivered translations, their preferred translation software, sources of obtaining audiovisual materials to be translated, the publication process, ethical issues connected with legal aspects of their translation activity, cooperation with other translators, groups of translators and other people involved in the process, etc. The information provided by a group of Polish unofficial audiovisual translators allowed the description of the current general profile of a typical Polish translator performing unauthorized audiovisual translations.

8.Syntactic Functions of the Relativizers Used in the Nineteenth-Century Prose Fiction
Eva Leláková
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.69077  Pages 58 - 67
The main aim of the present work is to analyse the subordinate adnominal relative clauses used by a famous representative of the 19th century Victorian literature, Charlotte Brontë, in her novel Jane Eyre and parallelly examine the rate of the author’s adherence to the rules of grammar existing in the Late Modern English. The research findings transparently reflect a detailed syntactic study predominantly focused on five basic relativizers, their syntactic functions in the complex sentences and use with both restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses. The research hypotheses deal with the gender contrast of the antecedents of the relative clauses and the frequency and the subject/object syntactic functions of individual relative pronouns used in the research text. The work presents new findings related to the language of Charlotte Brontë (including discussion on the use of different punctuation marks when separating dependent clauses from the main ones) and therefore it can contribute to more complex understanding of the writing style of the author as well as other writers of the Victorian era. Moreover, it underlines the integration of language and literature studies which can remarkably develop foreign language skills of the language learners and their capacity for literary understanding and appreciation.

9.Compound Errors in the Written EFL Production
Abdulmoneim M Mahmoud
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.70707  Pages 68 - 73
The lack of information on compound errors provided impetus for this study hence it is intended to fill this gap in the field of error analysis. A survey of analyses conducted since the 1950s till now revealed that none of them focused on compound errors where language learners commit two or more errors in one word. Data were collected from Arabic-English translations of male and female third-year university students majoring in EFL. Vocabulary errors were detected, classified and analyzed. The incorrectly produced content words were 1305 (29%). These were further classified into single errors (1020, 78%) and compound errors (285, 22%). The compound errors were vocabulary errors coupled with either spelling or grammar errors. These were analyzed with examples. Since language errors are usually committed due to the use of different communication strategies, the findings of this study represent a note of caution to the teachers and researchers who encourage the students to use such strategies. Nevertheless, compound errors reveal more about the student’s problems. Further studies with larger samples are needed to reveal more about the magnitude of compound errors and the strategies underlying their commission.

10.Ideological Proxonyms Functioning in the Individual Vocabulary of Russian and British People
Anna Pavlova, Ekaterina Kondratenko, Natalia Koroleva, Elena Zemlyanskaya, Tatiana Kruzhilina, Marina Goloschapova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.88319  Pages 74 - 90
This article deals with the study of ideological proxonyms functioning in the individual vocabulary according to the context of sociocultural and time factors. The article identifies the factors that determine the semantic similarity of lexical units in the speech organization of an individual and also reveals the unique features of ideological proxonyms based on their dependence on the pragmatics of everyday norms and agreements. The purpose of the article is to prove that the connection between objects or phenomena in similarity or resemblance is established on the basis of sensual or intellectual intuitions when a person does not realize exactly on what signs he or she identified the similarity.
It is also supposed that the definition of the studied phenomenon is based on the anthropocentric approach to the language and the psycholinguistic concept of the word meaning and identification of the unique features functioning in the individual vocabulary at the modern stage of the society development.
To confirm the hypothesis the authors conduct an experiment with the use of the subjective definitions method which is designed to study words that acquire ideological properties appearing under the influence of pragmatic factors

11.English presentation anxiety: a case study of Taiwanese undergraduate English-major students
Svetlana Timina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.90277  Pages 91 - 98
This study aimed to examine a specific type of anxiety experienced by foreign language learners when they make oral class presentations in English. The data analyzed came from a group of twenty-six undergraduate English-major students studying in a private university in southern Taiwan. The major research instrument used to obtain the data was a self-reported questionnaire administered to the study participants straight after they completed making individual oral presentations in their English Speaking class. The participants were asked to report on their perceptions of English presentation anxiety and the causes of such anxiety. The results of the survey concluded that Taiwanese students perceived an oral presentation in English as the most anxiety-provoking activity in the class. All study participants reported anxiety during their presentations in class irrespective of the preparation quality and time. The key factors leading to such anxiety were related to the teacher’s feedback, preparation, and audience attention. The findings may contribute valid information on a specific type of speaking anxiety that is experienced by foreign language students making oral presentations in front of the class. The findings might also be of use to those language teachers who look for ways to make their classroom environment more comfortable for students.

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