E-ISSN 2651-2629
Applied Linguistics Research Journal - ALRJournal: 5 (1)
Volume: 5  Issue: 1 - 2021
1.Ambiguity Resolution in Arabic Localization: The Case of Learning Management Systems
Abdulfattah Omar
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.97769  Pages 1 - 6
Numerous studies have evaluated digital localization quality in different languages, including Chinese, German, Russian, and Spanish. Consensus has largely been reached that language clarity and accessibility, as well as linguistic consistency, are key factors for the success and reliability of the localization of software applications and websites. Although there is a sizable body of literature on the evaluation of localization quality, there is very little on Arabic localization and accessibility to Arab users. This study seeks to address this gap in the literature through an evaluation of the Arabic localization of learning management systems (LMSs). The development of digital transformation processes, and recently the outbreak of COVID-19, have resulted in LMSs being integrated in teaching and learning practices. It is thus important to evaluate their translation quality and linguistic consistency, these being essential for their success and reliability. The study conducted a survey to explore users’ perceptions concerning the translated content of LMSs. The results indicate that ambiguity and language inconsistency are the main problems with different LMSs, including Blackboard, Zoom, and Microsoft Teams. This is attributed to different reasons, including the peculiar linguistic features of Arabic, ineffective management of terminology, and a lack of consideration of dialectal differences and variations. Localization developers thus need to address the linguistic challenges and peculiarities of Arabic, including its morphology and writing system. Dialectal variations also need to be considered. The contents of an LMS should be adapted so that they are attractive to target users and easy to use. In this regard, localization developers should recruit the right people for language and translation tasks and jobs. Translators also need to realize the differences between localization and translation. The language should be accessible and easy to understand. Finally, the management of terminology and standardization should be considered.

2.Lexico-grammatical Paradigm of the Category of Negation in Diachrony
Nataliya Pasichnyk, Nataliia Hotsa, Anna Kosenko, Olga Plavutska, Ihor Bloshchynskyi
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.79037  Pages 7 - 18
This article is an investigation of the grammatical category of negation in diachrony. The issues of negation in logic and linguistics, negation as a grammatical category on the morphological and syntactic levels are highlighted. The authors state that in broad semantic terms negation can be expressed in morphologic and syntactic ways in natural language. The means of expressing negation constitute a hierarchically organized system of heterogeneous language units combined with a similar semantic function. Based on the theoretical premises, it is explained that negation as a grammatical category can be realized on both morphological and syntactic levels. On the morphological level negative affixes paradigm and separate parts of speech are taken into consideration, while on the syntactic level the whole negative sentence that includes one or more than one negator is observed. Negation is expressed by means of affixes that have explicative and implicative components in their meaning. Authentic affixes preserve the semantic meaning of the words they etymologically derive from, giving the word they join to, a special shade of negation. The main source of enrichment of the negative affixes paradigm and their new meaning are affixes borrowed from other languages. The study of the category of negation on different levels in diachronic aspect can help to observe the development of particular parts of speech, which can express negation, and serve as a base for further studies of negation in the different discourses and communicative situations. The prospects of further study in this field lie in investigating negation in different discourses and communicative situations, that would be essential for researching communicative strategies in anthropocentric paradigm.

3.Lip service or real offer? Investigating responses to compliments by Egyptian EFL learners
Hasnaa Abdelreheem
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.65902  Pages 19 - 35
This paper is an attempt to investigate Compliment Responses (CRs) produced by Egyptian EFL learners through the use of Discourse Completion Task (DCT) as a data collection method. The aim is to gain an insight into the politeness strategies employed by Egyptian Arabic native speakers by shedding light on how young Egyptian EFL learners react when receiving compliments in English and in Egyptian Arabic. Comprehension is a skill that requires higher EFL proficiency levels so that the students can understand the questions properly, demonstrate a certain level of pragmatic familiarity in the target language, and thus eliminate language barriers that can strongly influence the research results. Hence, to guarantee a certain level of familiarity with English, the sample selected for this small-scale study comprises 30 responses by 15 English-majored university students (11 females and 4 males). The DCT consisted of 6 different compliment situations related to appearance, possession and performance/ability, and participants were asked to respond to the compliments as they would in real life. Responses were categorised according to the following strategies: thanking, wishing, rejecting, doubting, topic shifting, explaining, encouraging, offering the complimented object or help, returning the compliment, joking, expressing gladness, agreeing, combining two or more strategies as well as combining strategies with non-verbal responses. The data reflected some social-cultural norms of the Egyptian society. Gender-based differences in CRs have also been highlighted, and classroom implications that could apply to EFL teaching in the Egyptian context are proposed.

4.Opinions of Parents whose Children are at Elementary Schools on the Selection of Children’s Books
Selma Korkmaz
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.55823  Pages 36 - 42
Books contribute to the increase of children's vocabulary and creative thinking skills, and consequently to the development of four basic language skills - speaking, reading, writing and listening. Therefore, books that will positively affect the development of children should have certain features both in form and content. However, since children are not conscious of discovering the features that should be in a good book, parents have a critical role to play. The aim of this study is to determine how conscious parents are about books that are extremely effective in children's development and which criteria they consider when choosing children's books. For this purpose, the working group consists of 50 parents who reside in the TRNC and whose children are studying at primary school. Data were collected using an interview form consisting of 6 questions in order to obtain the opinions of the parents about the book selection. Content analysis was also used during the analysis of the data obtained; the data were divided into certain categories and themes which are shown in percentages and frequencies. Based on the findings, it can be said that although the majority of parents seem to be conscious about the choice of books, they have incomplete information on some issues.

5.A View at “Flagbearer Ballad" and “Victory and Bequest” Play of Özker Yaşın in Terms of Relations Between Historical Events and Literary Texts
Burak Gökbulut, Mustafa Yeniasır
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.55376  Pages 43 - 48
Özker Yaşın is one of the most important figures of Cypriot Turkish literature. In his works, he told Cyprus and Cypriot Turks. Being born in Cyprus and being a Cypriot Turk has shaped the entire life, art and poetry world of Özker Yaşın. With his works, Yaşın shared the joys, hopes and pain that Cypriot Turks experienced throughout history. Özker Yaşın lived the painful and dark times of Cypriot Turks and he reflected the events that took place in these times in his poems, novels and plays. In his play Flagbearer Ballad, Yaşın recites the attacks and violence Cypriot Turks experienced in 1958s in the island. The work consists of three acts and it was staged in the Independence Day anniversary of Istanbul at Zafer Theater on 29 May 1959 by students of Cypriot Turkish Institutions Federation Acting Branch and Atatürk Institute. In Victory and Bequest, the edict enacted by Selim II (Sultan Selim Khan) for the conquest of Cyprus and the efforts he paid to reach the victory are displayed. In the play, the capturing of Cyprus are presented. In the foreword of his book, Özker Yaşın underlines that we should not lose the places we won with victory at the table. In this paper the two mentioned plays of Özker Yaşın will be evaluated in terms of historical event and relation between literary texts.

6.Pedagogical features of the organization of competence-oriented work and interaction of students with the use of google-doc tools
Nelly Savelyeva, Alexander Kabanov, Natalya Uvarina, Savchenkov Alexey, Natalie Nevraeva, Ekaterina Bozhko, Mihail Kozhevnikov, Irina Lapchinskaia
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.53824  Pages 49 - 53
Today's colleges and institutions of higher education are in a completely new environment, different from that of the past generation. Globalization in the high-tech economy has increased the need for highly qualified and competent employees. The level of knowledge and competencies of graduates must correspond to the qualification needs required in the workplace, which is why attention has increased to the quality of the education offered, as well as to the abilities of a young specialist to perceive and master a large flow of information, the ability to adapt to the constantly changing conditions of modern reality. The article is devoted to the problem of organizing educational and independent work of students using the Google Docs platform. The main factors for choosing this service are availability for all users, user-friendliness of the interface and functionality. It is also important that Google allows you to use this software for free. The text describes in detail the functions of Google Docs, which are useful for organizing classes in a foreign language, both classroom and distance form, and examples of some tasks are also given.

7.The pragmatics of hedges in political communication: A critical discourse analysis of the 2016 US presidential debates
Danqi Zhang
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.47135  Pages 54 - 67
In the light of critical discourse analysis (CDA) and the classic categorization of hedges, this study analyzes the pragmatic functions of hedges in the transcripts of the 2016 US presidential debates between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The results show that among the four types of hedges, plausibility shields and adaptors are frequently used, whereas rounders and attribution shields are rarely employed by the candidates. Trump uses significantly more approximators than Clinton, while Clinton uses shields more frequently than her rival. On the whole, Trump uses hedges more frequently than Clinton in the debates. In such political communication, hedges have multiple pragmatic functions, namely emphasizing proposition, establishing common ground, increasing credibility, avoiding responsibility, and showing politeness. It is found that Trump tends to use hedges to emphasize propositions, while Clinton often employs hedges to show politeness and closeness with the voters. This use of hedges reveals the different ideologies of each candidate.

8.A Comparative Study on Teachers’ Beliefs about Code-Switching
Momen Yaseen Mamin
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.37167  Pages 68 - 75
In the field of second language acquisition, the issue of code-switching or L1 use in relation to second language teaching and learning has been regarded as a hot debate for several decades. As a result, several studies have been conducted so as to support the idea that L1 should be implemented for L2 teaching and learning, while another studies provided evidence to the disadvantages caused by such implementing of L1. Since, it is widely acknowledged that the notion of ‘belief’ is one of the most significant factors that influence L2 teaching and learning, the current study aims at comparing teachers` beliefs towards using L1 in language classrooms in two different Arab countries Libya and Iraqi Kurdistan.The current study tries to shed light on whether Libyan EFL teachers and Kurdish EFL teachers have similar or different beliefs towards the use of L1 in their language classrooms and to find out what beliefs these groups have. Teachers’ beliefs questionnaire has been used for data collection. 40 EFL teachers from the two contexts participated in the study. The findings showed that significant differences were found between the two EFL teachers in terms of their beliefs towards the use of L1 for Subject access, Classroom management, and CS for interpersonal relations. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups of teachers in relation to teachers` personal.

9.A Sociolinguistic Analysis of Alienation in Fadia Faqir's My Name is Salma
Ahmed Ben Amara, Abdulfattah Omar
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.29494  Pages 76 - 83
The theme of alienation has been central to a significant number of literary studies in general and Anglophone Arab literature in particular. Different approaches have been used to explore this theme including feminism, postcolonial theory, and psychoanalytic criticism. These approaches have for the most part focused on the aesthetic values of the literary works, often at the expanse of the intercultural aspect of texts and how participants express themselves and being expressed. Despite the significance of sociopragmatic analysis in exploring such cross-cultural issues such as feminism, gender roles, and alienation, it has not received the attention it deserves in literary studies. The present study proposes to address this gap by offering a socio-pragmatic reading of Fadia Faqir’s 2007 novel My Name is Salma. Attention will be given to religious beliefs and social norms as expressed by the characters in the novel and the crucial role they play in interpersonal conflicts and the anxieties of alienation and exile in the novel in question. This study focuses on the concepts of home, exile, alienation and their relations to the quest for identity in the text by using a socio-pragmatic approach in order to show how the stifled and fragmented voices of characters are expressed. These concepts are closely related to the psychological conflicts and profoundly impacted by the individual immigrant's experience, and by the multicultural setting in which the subject finds himself or herself. The results of the study are expected to highlight the relevance of the socio-pragmatic method in the analysis and interpretation of literary texts.

10.Assessing English Communicative Competence Via Distant Testing
Svitlana Zahorulko, Maryna Kryvych, Ihor Bloshchynskyi, Oleksander Farmahei, Svetlana Petrenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.22043  Pages 84 - 92
The scientific paper presents the analysis of the contemporary national and international theoretical and practical approaches to implement distance test monitoring and control at the higher military institution (HMI) that are essential to assess students’ level of the English language communicative competence. Scholastic and academic methods of theoretical research, synthesis, deductive and inductive consideration, Principal Component Analysis Method have been used to solve scientific aims in the research. The research demonstrates the comparison of traditional means of control with the distance test control to highlight their advantages and disadvantages. Description, testing components that comprise non-conventional blending of test items have been introduced. The research highlights a range of possible effective ways of the formative test assessment and feedback. It provides drafted samples to assess students’ current spoken and writing performances.

11.Writing for Scholarly Publication in English for NNES Researchers in the Humanities and Social Sciences
Sultan H. Alharbi
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.05579  Pages 93 - 100
The present study investigates academic publishing motivations, experiences and strategies of Saudi researchers from the humanities and social sciences. To achieve its objectives, the study employed the ENEIDA Questionnaire (Gea-Valor et al., 2014; Moreno et al., 2013). Results showed that EAP writing proficiency was rated the lowest by the participants compared to other language communicative components. Also, Arabic language is commonly used to publish research articles in these disciplinary fields. Further, two main factors are responsible for rejections of manuscripts for publication in international English-medium journals. Results indicated that there are past strategies adopted by the participants when seeking to get their findings published in scientific English journals. Also, the participants opted for several methods of formal training on writing research articles. Implications of this study are discussed, limitations of the study were presented, and future research directions are suggested.

12.Intercultural Features Of Non-Verbal Means Of Communication Used In Internet Communication
aygul Ibatova, Anna Gromova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.98215  Pages 101 - 108
The article focuses on the study of the non-verbal communication means in Internet communication among representatives of various nationalities. In modern reality, it is necessary to know how to construct a dialogue with a representative of another country, not only in live communication, but also in the Internet space. Scientific research methods: analysis, comparison, classification, questioning were used in this work.
Based on the analysis of linguistic literature and the survey conducted, the authors determined the essence of non-verbal communication in Internet communication, the main features of the use of symbols that replace non-verbal communication in the Internet by representatives of different countries, determined the relationship between non-verbal communication in live communication and non-verbal communication in Internet communication. Based on the results, the authors formulated rules for the use of various means of non-verbal communication in Internet communication in a dialogue with residents of a particular country.

13.Distance Learning In The Organization Of The Educational Process In Russian Universities
Lubov Ilyashenko, Darya Ilyashenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.97658  Pages 109 - 113
The article is devoted to the study of an important and relevant field of education in higher education - distance learning. The content of the concept of "distance learning" has been clarified. Presented are the results of an online survey, which was conducted for 1-2 year students of Surgut branch of Tyumen Industrial University. The author also conducted a survey of the teaching staff of the department of natural sciences and humanities of the branch. The survey was a questionnaire that included questions focused on the position of students and teachers on the subject of the prospects of distance learning, its state in the Russian educational system. The survey revealed the advantages and disadvantages of this form of education. Undoubtedly, such a format will make it possible to assign education to a more massive scale, but only with the availability of high-quality virtual reality technologies and telecommunication channels will it be able to become widespread in Russia.

14.Language Contacts In The Context Of Historical Processes
Anastasia Ageeva, Liliya Abdullina, Karina Amirkhanova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.97268  Pages 114 - 119
The present article analyzes lexical innovations of French origin in the Russian literary language on materials of fiction, opinion journalism, as well as etymological, defining, and foreign dictionaries under well-defined criteria of foreign word extraction. Investigations of Russian and foreign linguistics dedicated to the study of language contacts offer a variety of criteria describing the functioning of foreign vocabulary in the Russian lexical system as the result of interaction of various manifestations of language contacts. The authors highlight the main principles and possibilities of using methods of corpus analysis in the process of studying language contacts in a historical perspective. The material of this research consists of the Gallicisms in the sphere of culinary and gastronomy that came to the Russian language at the end of the 18th-19th centuries and were recorded in numerous works of Russian literature. Diachronic analysis of their functional development using the methods of corpus linguistics makes it possible to determine and demonstrate some general and particular processes in the field of foreign language vocabulary: the development of the form and content of the loanwords, the periodization of their maximum and minimum occurrence, and the correlation of language data with extra-linguistic factors.

15.The Advantages Of The Individual Approach To Teaching Students A Foreign Language On The Communicative Basis
Irina G. Kondrateva, Agzam A. Valeev, Lucia M. Ibatulina, Maria V. Asmolovskaya
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.92668  Pages 120 - 124
Today, when at the present stage of the socio-economic development of Russia the sphere of international activity of the country has intensified, the need for learning foreign languages is becoming urgent, and therefore, the requirements for professional training of specialists are increasing, which can be called a priority direction of the modern pedagogical process of higher school. In this regard, within the framework of this study, the essence of the phenomenon of the individual approach in teaching a foreign language, contributing to the development of students' abilities for foreign language activities, has been revealed. The study identified and systematized the main advantages of the individual approach in communicative teaching of a foreign language in a non-linguistic university; analyzed the principles of the individual approach in teaching a foreign language; the conditions for the implementation of the individual approach in the context of communicative teaching a foreign language are highlighted; determined the criteria for the success of the individual approach in teaching a foreign language on the communicative basis. The results of the experimental work allow us to speak about the consistency and validity of the individual approach in teaching a foreign language on the communicative basis in the context of language education in a non-linguistic university.

16.Phraseological Units In Political Communication (Based On Electronic Mass Media Sources)
L.G. Khismatullina, V.N Khisamova, D. Khuzina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.91489  Pages 125 - 129
In the modern age of globalization and wealth of information, when interest in politics is growing, the study of political discourse, its typology and genre features, basic concepts of politics, phraseological semantics and syntactics of political texts gains importance. Based on the anthropological and linguocultural approaches, political discourse is considered as a multi-faceted complex of speech actions in the socio-cultural and historical space, the achievement of which depends on the choice of linguistic means, among whom phraseological units are of great significance. The article is aimed at analyzing the functioning of phraseological units in political texts presented by Russian and English electronic media. Comparative discourse analysis implemented in the research helped to demonstrate the phraseology of political texts and identify general characteristics of the use of political phraseological units in two genetically non-relative languages. As the analysis showed, the main features of phraseological units in political communication include informative saturation, emotional coloring and evaluation, figurativeness, violation of the principle of impenetrability and high degree of variability. In both Russian and English electronic publications, the main function of phraseological units is to make political language expressive, actualize the key message of the text, expand the structural, semantic and stylistic boundaries of political phraseology.

17.Digitization of Translation From English into Russian: Analysis and Comparison of Machine Service Quality
Natalya A. Sigacheva, Alfiya R. Baranova, Khanif Makaev
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.87699  Pages 130 - 136
The relevance of the problem is due to the development of international scientific relationships and the increasing need to translate various scientific texts from English into Russian using digital technologies, both in the scientific sphere and in education. This raises the problem of evaluating the quality of translation and the correct approach to choosing the most effective digital service. The article is aimed at comparing different types of machine translation and identifying the optimal one among them. The leading method for studying this problem is quantitative and qualitative analysis of professional texts in the field of science and comparison of the results of the work of different types of translators. The original texts used for translation are authentic, professionally-oriented scientific articles. The article identifies the advantages and disadvantages of machine translation and offers recommendations for users of machine services. The purpose of the study is to develop the criteria and types of indicators for evaluating translators, as well as the results of evaluation according to these criteria. Instructions on practical application of criteria for evaluating the translation of texts from a foreign language into Russian are offered.This article may be useful when choosing a suitable translator for translating scientific texts.

18.Certain aspects of the use of grammatical forms in the language of the almanac "Mir’at" as a result of language contacts (on the example of adverbial participles) (1900-1909)
Luiza Galyautdinova, Venera Basharan
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.85619  Pages 137 - 139
The article discusses the adverbial participle’ forms used in the articles of the almanac “Mir'at". The Mir'at almanac (Mirror) began publishing in Saint Petersburg from 1900 to 1903, and the last six issues were published in Kazan between 1903 and 1909. A total of 22 issues were published. Articles published in the first issue of the almanac “Mir'at”(1900) were selected for analysis. The language of the almanac “Mir'at” actively uses adverbial participles ending in -yp/-ep and -gach/- gech. A negative adverbial participle has ending in –yp is transmitted by form ending in –mayencha/-meyenche. Adverbial participle ending in –ganchy and –yshlyy in considered issue was not revealed. Along with Tatar-Turkic adverbial forms (-yp/-ep, -gach/- gach endings), grammatical forms of Turkic-Oguz origin (-Arak/- Arak and –(y)rken) were also actively used, confirming the active influence of the Ottoman-Turkish language on the Tatar literary language in the early twentieth century.

19.Nomination Of Event In Media As Reality Development Method
Viktoriya Garaeva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.76093  Pages 140 - 143
The article examines the models for nominating an event in the media language using the example of the incident that occurred with Sergei and Yulia Skripal in March 2018 in the city of Salisbury. It has been established that the most relevant essence of the named events is reflected by the names-phrases, the supporting component of which indicates the event itself (the action or its result), and the dependent component indicates the participants, the event time or place. The considered names are distributed by including various specifiers in the name structure. In order to save speech resources, the media searches for the most accurate and laconic name for the event. As a rule, it is formed from a particular event reference component and the brightest event marker that sets it apart from the rest.

20.English Neologisms In Social Media Communication: A Case Of The Language Of Social Life Streaming Services
Diana Sabirova, Svetlana Bodnar, Galina Yatsenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.68725  Pages 144 - 148
The present research investigates the use of English neologisms in social media communication particularly in social live streaming services. The study focuses on the factors that lead to the production and usage of the social media neologisms. Moreover, the study is focused on the effectiveness of social media neologisms in communication. To conclude, speed of communication, brevity time-sensitivity, ease of interpretation and exposure were amongst the elements used to affirm that social media neologisms are effective in communication.

21.Distance Learning In The Educational Space Of Tyumen Industrial University
Natalia Kamenez, Elizaveta Vtiurina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.68095  Pages 149 - 155
Today, information technology is an integral part of the life of every person, influencing, including the field of education. The advent of distance learning has made it accessible to many groups of people, and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has become one of the priority areas in the field of education. The purpose of this article is to identify the degree of student satisfaction with the quality of training carried out in a distance form. The authors provide the basic concepts of distance learning. And also the main educational technologies of distance learning are highlighted: complex case technologies, telecommunication technologies, Internet technologies and technologies based on the use of an integrated educational environment. The positive and negative aspects of this training format are considered. A number of proposals have been put forward to increase the engagement and satisfaction of distance students.

22.Spy Novel In The Context Of Stylistics And Translation
Alsu Alexandrovna Khafizova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.67689  Pages 156 - 161
The article studies some linguistic and stylistic peculiarities of the vocabulary that is used among the people united by common professional activities. In this respect the novel «At Risk» by the British writer Stella Rimington and its translation into the Russian language were chosen as the research material where intelligent services agents’ vocabulary is presented. Depending on the sphere of application various thematic groups of vocabulary are pointed out as well as stylistic devices that are used by the author for depicting the world of spies, creating the image of special agents and describing the peculiar secret character of their professional engagement. Special attention is focused on the translation of the novel into the Russian language, particularly defining corresponding equivalents and revealing their peculiarities. The capability of linguistic units to create associative and connotative meanings, divergences of cultural codes and preconceptions in the source and target languages, as well as the ability of the sentences to attach senses require special approach of translation, which also arouses special research interest.

23.Chemical Demonstration Experiment As A Means Of Forming Professional Competence Of Engineering Specialties Students
Olga Shepelyuk
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.65982  Pages 162 - 168
In the article the author describes the algorithm for conducting a demonstration experiment on disicipline " Oil and Gas Chemistry". This chemical experiment algorithm is used in teaching students of indener specialties at Surgut Oil and Gas Branch of IUT. The author analyzes the existing pedagogical experience in education on this issue and indicates the necessary requirements for conducting a chemical experiment in the framework of new educational technologies and in the context of educational programs, goals and objectives of vocational education in higher education.

24.Specific Features of Computer-Mediated Communication in Modern Internet Space
Liliya Radikovna Sakaeva, Marat Ajdarovich Yahin
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.57873  Pages 169 - 174
The review of Internet vocabulary was carried out as part of a wide range of problems related to the social nature of the language, its social functions, taking into account the impact of social factors on the language and the role of the language in society, in close connection with the development of culture, based on the achievements of sociolinguistics and linguoculturology. The study of Internet vocabulary meets the general orientation of modern linguistics to anthropocentricity, to the need not only to identify the peculiarity of the linguistic features of vocabulary but also to explain the social and pragmatic factors of using this vocabulary in the communication process.

25.Russian-Indian Digital Diplomacy: The Problem Of Linguistic Identity (Specifics Of The Media Language)
Daniel Saidovich Mratkhuzin, Leah Efimovna Bushkanets, Guzel Ferdinandovna Mratkhuzina, Ishtiak Gilkar Ahmad
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.49369  Pages 175 - 178
For the Kazan university community and the Republic of Tatarstan, as a whole, the release of unique specialists becomes a valuable resource, which confirms the position of the leadership of the Institute of International Relations of KFU.
In the current 2019-2020 academic years, the next admission to the first year of the master's program in the relevant specialty "Digital Diplomacy" with an universal training base with knowledge of Western and Eastern languages has taken place.
In recent decades, researches of digital diplomacy on international relations are becoming even more relevant that depends on a number of factors towards varying stances. The article is aimed at achieving the following goal – exposing conceptual and factual content of the problems of the media platforms of the global network using an example of Russian-Indian relations.
The leading approach of the subject is a preliminary analysis and an appraisal of the linguistic phenomenon and digital communication. The key results contemplate to find decisions of the next research problems: 1. Understanding the conception of modern digital communication specific in global network 2. Assessment of the typology of various sites, its immensity and intensity of its upgrading in the context of Russian-Indian relations. 3. Substantiation of the level of importance and value insofar of the subject.
The materials can be useful to determine the relevant trends of the traditional and modern problematics of the subject. Because the subject is articulated at the interference of linguistic and information spheres, it is needed to be noticed 2 aspects under the thematic: linguistic characteristics of modern social media and the formation of a linguistic image of the media platforms of the global network; the role of the media platforms in the context of Russian-Indian relations.

26.Features of the use of colloquial speech in German language from the expressivity point of view
Dinara Radikovna Kochemasova, Irina Germanovna Kondrateva, Timur Ravilevich Usmanov, Sigal Natalya Germanovna, Olga Alexandrovna Danilova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.46693  Pages 179 - 184
The article considers features of the use of colloquial speech in German language from the point of view of expressivity. The detailed analysis of interjections as one of expressive means in colloquial speech is given. Types of emotional and evaluative structures are also considered and analyzed in the work. The article deals with characteristics of the use of expressive means in the German colloquial speech. It reviews the means of expression evaluation from lexicological point of view in German and Russian languages. This study attempted to describe the full stylization of a spoken German language. Main attention was paid to the grammatical phenomena of a spoken language, common in the colloquial German in terms of expressivity.

27.Formation of communicative professionally oriented competence of future philologists
Valentyna Chernysh, Iryna Dzhochka, Dmytro Marieiev, Vladyslava Kuzebna, Nataliia Shkvorchenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.44711  Pages 185 - 194
The purpose of the academic paper is to present the features of the formation of communicative professionally oriented competence of future philologists. In the process of achieving the goal of the academic paper, the following research methods have been applied, namely: method of observation, method of description and modeling method, method of comparison, the method of complex analysis, functional method, method of comparison, method of system analysis, method of generalization, method of abstraction. It has been revealed that future philologists in the course of educational training in international higher educational institutions (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kherson State University, International human development university «Ukraine», Kyiv National Linguistic University, Universidade da Coruña, Uniwersytet Opolski, Uniwersytet Wroclawski, Universitat de Barcelona, University College London and University of Oxford) gain thorough knowledge about past and present philological languages, study various areas of linguistics, including syntax, phonetics, morphology, semantics, phonology, master the fundamentals of foreign language teaching practice. It has been established that in the course of obtaining higher education in the field of “Philology (Ukrainian language and literature)” students - future philologists develop general and professional competence, learn knowledge and skills necessary for further professional activity in the sphere of literature, linguistics, methods of teaching Ukrainian language and literature. It has been determined that on the basis of undergoing educational and professional programs of preparation of the philological direction the communicative professionally oriented competence of students - future philologists is formed.

28.Translation Transformations Of Xi Jinping’s Speeches
Svetlana Yurievna Glushkova, İldar S. Mavlyautdinov, Diana Radikovna Ibragimova, Sakaev, Vasil Timerjanovich
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.40412  Pages 195 - 198
This article discusses the speech portrait of Xi Jinping and its features, as well as their translation transformations into Russian. In the course of the work, the authors considered theoretical scientific works on the speech portrait. The translation transformations and mechanisms used in the process of interpreting the text were analyzed, which allowed us to conclude that it is necessary to recreate the information provided in the translation process most fully. Based on the research done, the classification of translation transformations was determined, on the basis of which the translations of Xi Jinping's speeches were analyzed. During the work, various speeches and reports of the president of the People’s Republic of China from 2013 to 2020 were analyzed. When considering the speeches of Xi Jinping, were revealed the distinguishing features of his speech portrait, the widespread use of metaphors, chengyu, yanyu, quotations during his speeches. A study of the translations of speeches by the head of the PRC made it possible to consider the features of the speech portrait of a linguistic personality in two different languages, to analyze the use by translators of certain translational transformations during the interpretation of the text. The study also shows how, when translating Xi Jinping's reports and public speeches into Russian, the historical and cultural context is often not enough to accurately convey the meaning of the features of his speeches.

29.Historical-Linguistic Context Of Classification Of Multi-Language Structures In The Modern Indian Area
Guzel Mratkhuzina, Elmira Khabibullina, Dmitry Bobkov, Daniel Saidovich Mratkhuzin, Daniel Saidovich Mratkhuzin
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.37267  Pages 199 - 205
From the point of view of historical and modern conditions of formation of the lingual situation in India, the scientific and public topicality is represented by the research of the problem of a variety of spoken languages along with traditional Hindi and a number of the so-called “new ones”.
For example, as a result of Muslim penetration and communication of the locals speaking Sanskrit language with Persian, Turkic and Arabic population, there appeared a language, the predecessor of modern Urdu, termed Hindawi. Later, as a result of European colonial conquest, there arose an Indian alternative of English – Hinglish.
Modern authors explore the nature, the place and the role of English in the destiny and in the mentality of different nations including Indian inhabitants to understand the uniqueness of its variability.
Considering the local history constituent of the theme, let us notice the representative Indian diaspora in Tatarstan.

30.A Study Of Volunteer Participation As A Socialization Factor Of Young People
aygul Ibatova, Maksim Shirshikov
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.35119  Pages 206 - 218
The volunteer movement contributes to the development of socially significant boys and girls qualities, the formation of their active life position. The paper looks at recent research dealing with the formation and development of student youth social activity. The article touches upon concepts: volunteer movement, personality socialization, factors of youth socialization. It gives a detailed analysis of the level of volunteer movement development in Surgut and its impact on the individual socialization in society. Participants of the research - 70 students from different universities: Surgut Oil and Gas Institute (The Branch of IUT), Surgut State University, MGPU, Russian State University of Tourism and Service. A1st to 3ns year students took part in the survey, including 28 girls (40%) and 42 boys (60%). This study indicates that volunteer activity is an effective of factor individual socialization, acquires the effect of mass character, despite external obstacles and allows achieving personal results in terms of “social activity”. Finally, recommendations are provided for the activities of the university as an important institution for the education of citizenship.

31.Russian Military Dictionaries Of Soviet Period
Biderkesen Durdu
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.32559  Pages 219 - 222
The article analyzes the military lexicography of the USSR period. We found that the main attention in the science of this period was given to the creation of translated dictionaries, bilingual and multilingual. It is noted that this is connected with the history of the USSR, with the difficult international situation in which the country was constantly located. Military conflicts, as well as military cooperation, stimulate the creation of translated dictionaries, which are necessary both for the organization of international communication and for the training of cadets in military schools. Less active in Soviet times were published monolingual dictionaries of military vocabulary, addressed primarily to those who study the basics of military affairs. The publication of encyclopedic dictionaries, addressed to a wide range of public interested in military affairs, containing information about military history and personalities, was also inferior to bilingual translated lexicography; the first such dictionary was published only in 1984. We drew a conclusion about the need to preserve the traditions of Soviet lexicography, whose representatives made a great contribution to the development of military dictionaries. Also, it is important to develop military lexicography in those areas that in the Soviet period were less developed – the field of military encyclopedic dictionaries and the field of monolingual military dictionaries.

32.Modular Rating System Of Training In The Space Of Tyumen Industrial University
Natalia Kamenez, Elizaveta Vtiurina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.27879  Pages 223 - 229
The modernization of the educational process entails the need for the emergence of new learning systems. In this regard, many universities are moving from a traditional to an innovative system, in particular, a modular rating system. Tyumen Industrial University is one of them. The purpose of this article is to describe the modular-rating system operating in the branch of Tyumen Industrial University in Surgut. The authors highlighted the main disadvantages of the traditional education system: passive work, lack of reading professional literature and speaking skills, etc. As well as the disadvantages of traditional control of students' knowledge, including the lack of stimulation of the systematic work of students, the possibility of obtaining the same assessment by students, the dependence of the final assessment on many random factors and lack of competitive effect. The article discusses the positive and negative aspects of the rating system for monitoring students' knowledge. The rating systems for assessing knowledge used in the branch of Tyumen Industrial University in Surgut in the disciplines "Mathematics", "Physics", " Oil and Gas Chemistry" for a semester for students in the direction "Oil and Gas Business" (academic bachelor's degree).

33.To The Question Of Improving The Quality Of Teaching
Olga Shepelyuk
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.26817  Pages 230 - 233
The article emphasizes that oil and gas production is directly related to the study of complex not only physical, but chemical processes, therefore, special attention should be paid to teaching chemical disciplines in an oil and gas university. The author deals with an analysis of the curriculum for the discipline for 2012 and 2019 academic years. Recommendations were given for optimizing the educational process in the discipline "Chemistry" on the basis of a comparative analysis, The teaching method used by the author, the use of logical schemes, made it possible to study the subject through a dialogue with a computer and a lecture, accelerate the mastery of professional skills by students, individualize training and significantly save the teacher's time spent on monitoring the student's work. The means of implementing this technique and training was the support system for the educational process in Industrial University of Tyumen.

34.The Role Of Smartphones In The Life Of Modern Russian Pupils And Students
Ludmila Zanfir, Anna Gromova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.26122  Pages 234 - 241
The article is devoted to the study of the needs of modern schoolchildren and students in the daily use of smartphones. Today, considering the emergence of people's dependence on telephones is an important topic in international discourse and generates a lot of controversy and controversy. The aim of the study was to study the importance of mobile phones for modern young people, in particular students of schools, secondary specialized and higher educational institutions, as the most connected and progressive representatives of society in the field of gadgets.

35.Specific Features Of Translating Scientific And Technical Texts
Liliya Radikovna Sakaeva, Marat Ajdarovich Yahin, Gulfiya Seitsharifovna Mullagayanova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.25633  Pages 242 - 245
Translation of scientific and technical texts is one of the most relevant areas in translation studies today. In the light of expanding the scope of science and the importance of timely reception of actual information, as well as the need to disseminate scientific data obtained in the research, the accuracy of scientific and technical translation becomes one of the priorities which the further development of science depends upon. Peculiarities of research and technical literature in respect of linguistics are related not only to style but also to grammar and vocabulary. The mainstream lexical characteristic of research and technical literature is that this type of texts are rich in specific definitions and terms as well as terminological phrases together with a high quantity of lexical constructions, shortened forms and mathematical formulas.

36.Phraseological Units With Ornithonyms In Brand Naming
Kadriia Azatovna Sakhibullina, Elena Anatolyevna Andreeva, Elmira Ildarovna Nazmiyeva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.03064  Pages 246 - 250
The article is devoted to the study of phraseological units with bird names which are considered to be the reflection of collective thought. A big number of brand and company names using these phraseological units were found in English, which proves that they are widely used in the modern English language. Taking into account the main features of the brand names which should be short and meaningful, phraseological units based on two or three words are quite convenient to accomplish this role. Brand image of the analyzed names is usually build in two main aspects: phraseological meaning or wordplay.

37.The Mathematical Competence Of A Future Engineer As A Unity Of Gnoseological, Praxiological And Axiological Components
Lubov Ilyashenko, Darya Ilyashenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.14880  Pages 251 - 259
The article is devoted to the study of the formation of mathematical competence of students of a technical university in the process of studying mathematics and is based on the materials of the author's dissertation research. The choice of this direction in the study of competence is relevant and promising in terms of improving the modern professional education of future engineers in the oil and gas industry. The author analyzes in detail the state of the problem under study in pedagogical theory and practice; examines key research concepts; defines approaches to solving the problem of forming the mathematical competence of a future oil and gas engineer. The data of the theoretical analysis of the problem formed the basis for the development of a structural-meaningful model of the formation of the mathematical competence of a future engineer in the oil and gas business, in which the author includes target, meaningful, activity-procedural, productive-evaluative components. The effectiveness of the model being implemented and the pedagogical conditions that ensure its effective functioning is confirmed by the dynamics of changes in the level of formation of students' mathematical competence. The data of the initial and final stages of the experimental work, presented in the tables, clearly illustrate the dynamics and positive results of the study. The conclusions formulated in the conclusion of the study confirm the heuristic value of the work performed and reveal new lines of development of the indicated problem, potentially embedded in the study.

38.The First World War in the Mirror of European Media Discourse
Tatiana Ivanova, Galina Matushevskaya, Natalia Arzhantseva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.16768  Pages 260 - 265
The increasing role of political movements and parties as the main force changing society causes increased attention of scientists to political texts. Politics, as a sphere of public life, determines person's behavioral reactions and governs public consciousness.At the same time, not only the information itself is of particular importance, but also the formation of an assessment of social phenomena as a means of influencing public opinion The purpose of this research is to analyze linguistic event media texts in Russian, German and French, thematically related to the reinterpretation of the results of the First World War, and to determine the role of these texts in shaping public opinion as related to the anniversary of the end of the First World War.Presumably, if political discourse is controlled by the main ideologies, then the choice of language means should be treated as a mechanism for launching an evaluative attitude in structuring the space of "reality". Therefore, comparative, descriptive, and statistical methods have been chosen as the leading methods for conducting this study, which allows us to present the formation of public assessment of the stated events, and also the main ideas lying behind the text in the most illustrative way.The research material is taken from some political media texts in the European media discourse (articles written in Russian, German and French) dedicated to the centenary of the end of the First World War. We analyzed the publications that received the highest number of views according to open data from the Internet.The most important linguistic component of political discourse is the politically oriented vocabulary, its semantic features and cross-cultural differences. Lexical units in these texts are inextricably linked to the associative field represented in a foreign language environment.

39.Development Of Methods For Performing A Set Of Athletic Gymnastics Exercises For Engineering Students
Natalia Ivanova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.21549  Pages 266 - 271
In the article the author deals with the the problem of student youth rehabilitation suffering from postural disorders associated with insufficiently developed back muscles. The author offers a set of exercises in a gym and develops a methodology for performing this type of exercise for students. The results of the work were reflected in the methodological recommendations for students for practical exercises for 3rd year students of all areas of full-time training. This set of exercises is implemented on the basis of the sports complex "Neftjanik" in physical education classes at Surgut Branch of Tyumen Industrial University. Experiment participants - 3rd year students (2017-2018), direction "Oil and gas business".

40.Football As An Effective Form Of Organizing Students' Leisure Activities
Natalia Ivanova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.22590  Pages 272 - 276
In this article, the author deas with the problem of organizing students' leisure activities as one of the educational learning process areas at the university. The author believes that one of the most effective forms of organizing students' leisure activities is mass-cultural events - football competitions among students of different educational institutions. The research was carried out on the basis of Surgut Branch of Tyumen Industrial University. Experiment participants - students of 1-2 courses (2017-2018), direction "Oil and Gas Business".
In the article, the author proves that such work contributes to the development of physical health, as well as the involvement of young people in sports activities, a healthy lifestyle, the preservation of the best spiritual, moral, civil and patriotic culture traditions.

41.Analysis Of Economic Terms From English Into Chinese Language From The Point Of Their Translation Structure
Gulnara Ilgizovna Khasanzyanova, Sinchan Van
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2021.24392  Pages 277 - 281
The article is devoted to the translation peculiarities of economic terminology from English into Chinese in terms of their translation structure. The international exchange of scientific and technical information has especially grown in the last decade, and the modern language is at a new stage of its development in connection with an increase in the level of informational content of culture. Interest in language and its knowledge is constantly growing; the number of scientific and technical publications is growing so fast that it becomes incredibly difficult to process the flow of scientific and technical literature. The translation and abstracting of foreign language literature is handled not only by specialized publishing houses, translation centers, professional translators of research institutes and industrial enterprises, but also by practitioners from various sectors of the national economy. The relevance of the article is due to the need to describe the terminological units of several languages (English and Chinese) in a comparative aspect.
The following methods of linguistic analysis were used in the work: analytical method and analysis of newspaper literature on the problems and features of the translation of written language, comparative method, translation commentary.
The material of the study was the English texts on economic themes. The terms were selected from the newspapers such as The Wall Street Journal, The Economist.
The study has a practical importance, since the results can be used in classes of the basic foreign language, special courses, and can also be practical material in compiling a thematic dictionary. Результаты проведенного исследования могут быть использованы при разработке лекционных курсов по лексикологии, теории перевода.

42.The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Writing Strategies, and Gender among Iranian EFL Students
Sedigheh Vahdat, Zohre Gooniband shooshtari, Somayeh Peiro
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.02419  Pages 282 - 298
learner-centered instruction is of high significance in EFL and the instructors should be aware of learners’ characteristics to adjust their teaching procedures to students’ needs. Among the extensive range of individual differences intervening in the language learning process, emotional intelligence (EI) and learning strategies, namely, affective and social-cognitive factors have received remarkable attention. The present study explored the nexus between emotional intelligence and using writing strategies among Iranian EFL students and the impact of gender in the learners’ level of EI and using these strategies. To this end, 60 third and fourth-year English translation and English literature students from Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz were selected through convenience sampling procedure and their level of emotional intelligence and using writing strategies were assessed via Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI), Self-Assessment of English Writing Skills and the scale of Writing Strategies (ESLP 82). The results of Pearson Correlation analysis and independent-sample t-test suggested that those EFL learners with higher level of emotional intelligence turned to be more successful in using language writing strategies. In addition, female EFL students were found to be emotionally more intelligent and resort to writing strategies more frequently.

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