E-ISSN 2651-2629
Applied Linguistics Research Journal - ALRJournal: 4 (8)
Volume: 4  Issue: 8 - 2020
1.Features of verbal behavior of a carrier of an elitist speech culture (on the material of U. Samchuk's epistolary discourse)
Mariia Panhelova, Yuliia Brodiuk, Halyna Mazokha, Oksana Svyrydenko
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.09609  Pages 1 - 8
The study was carried out in the framework of linguistic and discourse-based approaches based on the latest achievements in the field of functional and communicative stylistics, cognitive linguistics, linguoculturology, genre studies and pragmalinguistics. The empirical base is represented by private letters from the representative of the Ukrainian, emigrant creative intelligentsia - the master of the word, publicist, public figure – Ulas Samchuk. The work is distinguished by the dynamic aspect of the consideration of the stated problems over a significant historical period - the twentieth century. The above determines the relevance of the article. The purpose of the study is to create an invariant of a linguistic personality belonging to the elite type of speech culture. In this regard, methods such as modeling, communicative-pragmatic and comparative analysis are used. As a result of the study, based on certain discursive parameters, a model elitist linguistic personality was created, the communicative behavior of which is explicated in specific situations of personality-oriented epistolary communication. As a conclusion, a list of invariant properties of the indicated type of linguistic personality is given: reflexivity of consciousness, especially noticeable in situations of understanding the role of the creator in society, a high level of communicative competence and rhetorical skill, openness of discursive manifestations.

2.Ian McEwan’s Nutshell: A Critical Study of Its Thematic Structure
Khalid Sultan Thabet Abdu
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.37233  Pages 9 - 15
A novelist, in order to prevent monotony, predictability, and exhaustion, should innovate and experiment with unprecedented forms, contents, and techniques; this is what Ian McEwan did in his recent novel, Nutshell. This paper is an attempt to investigate the conceptual and thematic structure of the novel under study. It deals with the main themes, such as existence, murder, and conceit. The researcher traces the layers of themes discussed in the novel and in what ways they are dramatically narrated, mainly aiming to shed considerable light on the various literary techniques that contribute to the achievement of the thematic structure of the novel. The unusual nameless 9-embryonic narrator makes the novel a classic through its own uniqueness. The scholar also appraises the ingenious plot and the way it, with its twists, enhances the themes of murder and conceit. Thus, this paper is an attempt to show how the innocence concept is delivered through the figure of an innocent unborn fetus. Moreover, it is also an investigation of the novel’s sense of humor and the way it functions to highlight the author’s cynical attitude toward the world through the perspective of the fetus narrator. It also shows how the novel makes the tragedy of murder and conceit resemble a philosophical comedy. The novel is replete with metafictional narrative gestures, so part of the paper is dedicated to revealing how such gestures enrich the main themes. The researcher also analyzes how symbolism and imagery contribute to the thematic structure of the novel. The scholar uses the analysis and interpretation method, selecting the novel as a case study, the content of which is focused on its thematic body. He integrates all other narrative relevant elements organically into it.

3.The semantics of biscuit conditionals in Islamic scriptures
Ayman Farid Ahmed
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.38278  Pages 16 - 36
Drawing on Jaszczolt’s (2005) Default Semantics theory, and inspired by Austin’s (1961: 158) original example: “There are biscuits on the sideboard if you want some,” this paper attempts a semantic analysis of Biscuit Conditionals (BCs) in some selected texts from the Holy Quran and the Qudsi Hadiths, with the intention to explore how this type of conditionals communicates discourse meanings other than conditionality. The main objective of this paper is to show how BCs can semantically be represented to communicate non-conditional meanings within the framework of Default Semantics, a contextualism-oriented and truth-conditional approach that aims to identify the primary meanings pertaining to utterances. In light of Default Semantics, the paper concludes that Biscuit Conditionals in the selected data lack conditionality on the level of their intended meanings, and assign the discourse functions of fact-confirmers, information-notifiers, sympathy-instigators, invitation-motivators, discourse-relievers and offer-activators that function as conduits of religious didacticism.

4.Efficiency of using educational excursions in teaching Russian language to foreign students.
Irma Molchanova, Natalia Alontseva, Yury Ermoshin, Alena Nikitina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.69772  Pages 37 - 41
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the effectiveness of conducting excursions for foreign students in teaching Russian as a foreign language.
The effectiveness of excursions for foreign students in teaching Russian as a foreign language was determined as a result of an experiment conducted in six first-year groups at the Russian Language Department of Medical Institute of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. The students were from different countries: Morocco, France, Iran, Lebanon, Uzbekistan, Israel, Armenia, China, Peru, Nigeria, Abkhazia, Jamaica, Egypt and Costa Rica. Three groups (45 students) studied Russian as a foreign language without excursions, and the other three groups (48 students) studied Russian as a foreign language actively visiting cultural places in Moscow.
To determine the level of students' communicative competence, testing was carried out. Comparison of the results in all six groups unambiguously showed that at the end of the school year the abilities of the students of the experimentative groups according to all criteria were 20–35% higher than those of the students of the control groups.
The article contains methodological and practical recommendations on teaching Russian language to foreign students when immersing them in the language environment, as well as when getting acquainted with the history and culture of Russia.
The practical usefulness of the study lies in the fact that its results, together with the collected material, can be used to create textbooks and conduct practical classes in Russian as a foreign language, as well as in the system of training and advanced training in Russian as a foreign language.
The results of the research can also be used for lecturing or conducting special courses on the theory and methodology of teaching Russian as a foreign language, developing teaching materials for foreign students, organizing refresher courses and exchanging pedagogical experience.

5.career expectations of young scientists in the context of the vuca world
Aidar Faritovich Nurullin, Elena Nikolaevna Rassolova, Konstantin Aleksandrovich Galkin
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.05657  Pages 42 - 46
The paper discusses the key characteristics of the career expectations of young scientists in the context of new prospects for the VUCA world defined by such a feature as instability. The possible consequences of events such as "black swans", which were difficult to predict and were rare events with significant consequences, are identified. The role of changes at the present stage of development is being actualized. The SPOD and VUCA concepts are considered. The SPOD world is characterized by stability, certainty, simplicity, predictability, while the VUCA world is characterized by instability, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity. The reasons for the transition from one model to another are analyzed. The career features of scientists and researchers over a certain period of time are considered, a tendency to a decrease in the number of researchers in a number of scientific directions is revealed: the number of scientists in the natural and technical sciences decreases. There are analyzed data obtained during the study of the biographical trajectories of young scientists from different cities of Russia: Naberezhnye Chelny, Kazan, and St. Petersburg; materials illustrating one or another aspect are given. The features of building the research career of young scientists are revealed and assumptions are made about the differences in the conditions of various research environments: cities with a formed scientific environment and cities with an emerging research infrastructure.

6.multimodal representation of meaning in merriam-webster online dictionaries
Liliia Saimovna Sirazova, Gulshat Rafailevna Safiullina, Eva Leláková
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.05945  Pages 47 - 53
With the development of technology, there has been a shift from monomodality where an isolated text has been seen as the primary source of communication to the multimodality where the multiplicity of modes of representation and communication has been foregrounded. Based on the previous works, the research study aims to investigate the interaction of multiple modes in the context of Merriam-Webster online dictionaries in the meaning creation process. This study proposes an integrated framework based on logico–semantic and status relations, multimodal lexicography, and systemic functional multimodal discourse analysis for analyzing the relationships of three semiotic resources – verbal, visual, and aural – in online dictionaries. The results show that in Merriam-Webster visual dictionary such relationships between the modes as elaboration, extension, enhancement, and metonymy are widely applied and complement one another, while in Merriam-Webster online dictionary enhancement would be the main means of presenting information besides the semantic features.

7.Syntactic way of term-formation in the hotel business terminology
Alfiya Zaripova, Elena R. Taipova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.09326  Pages 54 - 58
The present paper considers the syntactic way of term-formation in English and German terminological systems of hotel business. The study is based on the comparative analysis of the terminological combinations in two languages with different structures. The rationale for the problem of the research lies in insufficient information on the comparative study of the syntactic way of the term-formation in English and German languages, especially within the terminological system of hotel business. Furthermore, the terminological system of hotel business is one of the most dynamic as a result of globalization processes in tourism. Consequently, determining general and specific tendencies of its development will allow us to define the pattern of the cultural integration process and the way this process impacts the languages analyzed. Therefore the article examines general and specific features in the structure of English and German terminological combinations on the basis of hotel business terminology and defines productive models of the syntactic way of term-formation in both languages. The analysis of the syntactic way of term-formation is essential for structuralizing the terminological system of hotel business, which is supposed to be actively developing in English and German languages.

8.mnemonic techniques as instruction medium
Shi Dandan, Zulfiia Fazlyeva, Nadezhda Samarkina, Charles Carlson
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.10337  Pages 59 - 62
Mnemonic techniques have proved their efficiency in a foreign language study. They definitely contribute into the quality of acquisition of learning material through the aroused interest towards the subject of learning. Some grammar category, passed through both logics and emotions, retains in memory firm and for long. Topicality of mnemonic methods for children especially is stipulated by the fact that visual memory predominates at young age and memorization is of unintentional character. Children tend to memorize phenomena standing in proximity to their life experience. Mnemonic techniques make the process of remembering easier and increase the memory span in the form of extra associations. When several representations are linked together in imagination, they become fixed in a brain, reproduced on recall further on. Mnemonic methods are made up of tens of cognitive operations, owing to which the brain contact is set and some of its functions, like function of memorization, are taken into control.

9.Borrowing in the Mirror of Hyper-Hyponymic Relations
Anastasia Vladimirovna Ageeva, Liliya Rafailovna Abdullina, irina Yakovlevna balabanova, Diana Rustemovna Sabirova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.18199  Pages 63 - 68
This article is devoted to the study of convergent-divergent specifics of the evolution of hyper-hyponymic paradigms of the French and Russian lexical systems and the establishment of its role in the borrowing process. The research methodology involves the use of lexical-semantic and contrastive analysis, diachronic description of language changes, as well as the methods of corpus linguistics, which allow to build a real picture of vocabulary functioning in the written sources. The study presents the results of a comparative analysis of the functional status and semantic structure of French prototypes and correlative borrowings in Russian as a factor of logical and hierarchical relations in the languages of different structural types. The authors formed a database of lexical units that fill the hyper-hyponymic paradigms of the words soupe / soup in French and Russian based on fiction, explanatory and etymological dictionaries, French and Russian culinary sites, and gave a detailed description of their formation processes and development. A review of allo- and isomorphic characteristics of the logical-hierarchical relations of the lexical units of contacting languages is performed. Intra- and extralinguistic factors are established to determine the general and specific features of the functional and semantic status of these units in the diachronic perspective, and their place within the framework of the logical and hierarchical structure is revealed.

10.the fourth wave of feminism: digital practices as a way of generating social capital
Evgeniya Mikhailovna Nikolaeva, Maria Yurievna Eflova, Polina Sergeevna Kotliar
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.26214  Pages 69 - 72
The process of evolution of feminism is being examined within the present article. The authors describe each wave of feminism and argue for the need of introducing the concept of the fourth wave of feminism into the feminist discourse, which is characterized by the absence of a linear orientation in the struggle for women’s rights. At the same time, as a semantic bracket of the fourth wave, one can designate the transition of feminist activism into the digital space, in which the new forms of self-organization and collective actions become possible. Pursuant to the authors’ outlook, the emergence of feminism as a genuine consolidating force is only inherent to the fourth wave of feminism. The authors distinguish three types of practices that correspond to this wave: hashtag-indexing, the practice of feminist blogging, and public representation, which are becoming modern ways of forming social capital.

11.russian folk omens indicating the accumulation of atmospheric matter
Dinara Irekovna Rakhimova, Nailya Nurikhanovna Fattakhova, Natalya Viktorovna Shesterkina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.26818  Pages 73 - 77
The study of classification principles, of structuring and functioning of folk omens in terms of new promising directions focusing on social and anthropological factors, allows solving the range of problems related to the storage in the language of a whole complex of knowledge: social and individual, linguistic and extralinguistic. This article is devoted to the study of folk, or naive meteorology, fended in Russian paroemias. Knowledge and conceptualization of the ordinary consciousness of native speakers of Russian about the natural conditions of human existence are fixed primarily in folk omens related to the weather prediction, that’s why they were chosen as the object of research.
The main purpose of the work is to describe the lexical-semantic group indicating the accumulation of atmospheric substance in the Russian language and to identify the main ways of expressing folk meteorology. In addition, the study has led to the belief that the structure of folk omens is universal, as it is built on the formula "If A, then B should be expected" which externally looks like a logical implication, but at the heart of any sign is an “expectation” that does not require justification or motivation [1]. The results of the study which has been conducted for over 30 years show that meteorological and agricultural signs are gradually moving into a passive vocabulary of the Russian language. Among the arguments in favor of this conclusion we can note the emergence of a significant number of the scientific researches focused on the description of superstitious and domestic signs.

12.Religious motifs and mythological images in the works by the tatar painter a.a. Abzgildin
Lyajsan Habibulhakovna Kadyjrova, Liliya Rinatovna Mukhametzyanova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.27443  Pages 78 - 81
Fine art occupies a certain place in the system of religious values according to one of the emotionally-figurative statements of religious ideas. The contemporary art of Tatarstan develops in such a spiritual space, where the traditions of Tatar and Russian culture, religion and creativity have been combined and intertwined for many centuries, where two great civilizations - Muslim and Christian - intersect, where East and West are united. An example of understanding different religious worldviews is the work of one of the famous artists of the Republic of Tatarstan, a national artist of the Republic of Tatarstan, a corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of Russia, an Honored Artist of the Republic of Tatarstan Abrek Amirovich Abzgildin. We can say that Islam, Christianity, ancient mythology, Turkic paganism, Buddhism, and other forms of spiritual and creative search find their place and interpretation in his works of art.
The article is devoted to an attempt at an art criticism description and philosophical analysis of A.A. Abzgildin’s works and creation devoted to religious and mythological themes and plots, allegorically reflecting the world around and modern reality, by which the artist tries to find the answers to the eternal questions of mankind and the universe.

13.linguoculturological features of proverbs concernibg nature in the german language
Ildar Khamzovich Safin, Alina Eduardovna Rakhimova, Albina Fanilevna Mukhamadiarova, Anna Sergeevna Shingareva, Zarema Mukhtarovna Zaripova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.32848  Pages 82 - 86
The realities of the present day determine new trends in the study of language and culture, their influence on each other, as well as the studies results introduction into the foreign language teaching methodology. In modern studies of language and culture, such scientific direction as linguoculturology is becoming more advanced. Linguoculturology, as a scientific direction, is intended to reveal the peculiarities of lexical units both from the linguistic (language) side and from the cultural side. The results of these studies, while being synthesized, make it possible to carry out full and objective consideration of certain linguoculturological units. One of the informational units for linguoculturological research is the proverb. Proverbs, being a popular statement that is general obnoxious, recommending and motivating, are the brightest representatives for these types of studies. Thus, research into the linguoculturological features of nature concerning proverbs gives us the opportunity to study the nation life and culture.

14.Speech manipulation in russian and german prohibitive paroemia
Elena Aleksandrovna Denisova, Irina Igorevna Abdulganeeva, Anna Dmitrievna Fominykh
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.33603  Pages 87 - 91
The article is devoted to the study of Russian and German paroemia with prohibitive semantics from the view point of the speech manipulation representation, namely tactics of communicative influence on the addressee. In the present study, the term "prohibitive" is considered as a linguistic phenomenon. The analysis of the card files research, presented in 1,743 proverbs (including 1,243 German and 1,500 Russian paremiological sayings) demonstrates the means of expressing prohibitive-incentive semantics in paroemia. The authors identify 5 main speech impact tactics in the analyzed paremiological corpus. The study reveals the percentage ratio of the frequency of each tactic use in the card files of the study of the compared languages and carries out analysis of the results.

15.the great patriotic war in the social memory of russian students
Farida Falesovna Ishkineeva, Simboul Abdullovna Akhmetova, Karina Adgamovna Ozerova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.35403  Pages 92 - 95
Contemporary Russian youth established within the conditions of social economic and political transformations, change of the social ideals, and lifestyle. The contemporary world where the youth socializes acquires significantly different sociocultural dynamics compared to the one of the XX century. In the context of the Fatherland history, it is important to preserve in the social memory of the young generation the image of the past and the war 75 years ago.
The article presents the results of the mass survey of Russian students including students from the Republic of Tatarstan and their relation to the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945 and patriotic perceptions and evaluations of the historic events. The reference to the past, and the Great Patriotic War, allows understanding if there is an intergenerational continuity pertained through the social memory and how youth evaluates the present and what are its perceptions of the future.

16.actualization of semantic features of the lexemes ‘dummheit’ and ‘глупость’ in modern linguistic world images of german and russian ethnicities
Luiza Ilgizovna Gimatova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.37450  Pages 96 - 102
The following article was carried out within the framework of ethnolinguistic research and is devoted to a comparative analysis of actualization of the semantic features of the lexemes Dummheit and глупость in modern linguistic world images of German and Russian ethnicities. Focus on the notial content of lexical units made it possible to identify similarities and differences in their semantic structures. The method of comparison along with the contextual analysis let us see the actualization of the substantives’ meanings in the minds of the members of German and Russian linguocultures. With reference to the data obtained from the national German and Russian language corpora, we drew additional conclusions about the associative occurrence of the words Dummheit and глупость. The study was carried out in compliance with research for intercultural communication and is meant to help foreign languages teachers and interpreters.

17.The position of the politicians to the current political situations (based on linguistic representation of emotional and evaluative modality in the speech of M. Sh. Shaimiev and M. H. Thatcher)
Ildar Gabdrashitovich Akhmetzyanov, Narkiz Kamilevich Moullagaliev, Almira Kadyrovna Garaeva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.38980  Pages 103 - 111
The relevance of this research is closely bound with the general tendency of interdisciplinary approach in the attempt to reveal the human factor not only in the international relations but also in the language, as the most valuable results of the research are found in comparison of the languages. The goal of this article is to find out common features and differences in the speeches of the politicians such as M. Sh. Shaimiev and M. H. Thatcher to the current political situations through linguistic representation of emotional and evaluative modality. The main approach of the research requires the usage of such sciences as International Relations, Sociology and Linguistics. The article deals with the issue of emotional and evaluative modality of these politicians in Tatar and English. The authors consider modal words, evaluative and expressive vocabulary as well as metaphors as a way of expressing emotional modality and feelings towards the current political situations.

18.methodical aspects of teaching the course "theoretical grammar" to foreign students
Alia Saleem Eslaeem Abu Ghriekanah, Elena Viktorovna Khabibullina, Lubomir Guzi
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.38991  Pages 112 - 115
The article discusses the features of the methodology of teaching theoretical grammar of the Russian language in a foreign audience. Despite the fact that, as part of the study of the practical grammar of the Russian language, students should acquire a clear idea of the grammatical system of the Russian language, we often encounter a lack of ability to analyze language phenomena, and a lack of clear criteria for their classification. The course “Theoretical Grammar” should be built as a generalization of knowledge gained in practice, however, in reality, one has to face the presence of gaps in the knowledge of foreign students about the Russian language associated with the insufficient formation of the skill of analytical activity. In this article, we consider the difficulties of teaching the course "Theoretical Grammar" in that part that is related to issues of morphology. When constructing the course, we pay the main attention to the formation of students' skills of applying the acquired knowledge in solving practical problems in order to achieve a conscious approach to the phenomena of the language, the ability to analyze them. Work with foreign students in the lessons on the theoretical grammar of the Russian language is based not only on the linear presentation of the material, we consider the use of interactivity and the communicative principle to be an important point.

19.Dialectics of the Remainder
Tatiana Shatunova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.50570  Pages 116 - 120
The article presents an attempt to develop a project of a special version of dialectics – dialectics of the remainder. After Sl. Žižek, the authors believe that there may exist a dialectic, different from both Hegelian, positive, and T. Adorno’s negative dialectics. This dialectics appears as a result of the impossibility to divide the world, man and society into opposites – without a remainder. The remainder is a kind of "negative product" of socio-cultural changes that encourage thinking of marginal, adverse, peripheral phenomena as becoming something more significant in the dynamics of contemporary society. There are many contemporary social and aesthetic processes conforming to the remainder principle. A historical event can be represented as a significant remainder of many actions, forces and wills intertwined in the historical process. Many new artistic and aesthetic forms look like remainders of previous forms – classical or modern. Such a remaining remainder of classical and non-classical art today is social actionism. As a method, the research work used the dialectical approach to dialectics itself, as well as the principle of its historical deconstruction. As a result, the author discovered a special version of dialectics that can be referred to as "dialectics of the remainder".

20.speech presentation of the process of game
Dinara Irekovna Rakhimova, Natalya Viktorovna Shesterkina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.61587  Pages 121 - 125
The study of informative and aesthetic properties of linguistic units with linguistic and cultural significance is one of the priority areas of modern linguistics. The object of attention of the authors in the article is a lexeme igra (game), functioning in an artistic text. The material for the study were texts of A.S. Pushkin "Caucasus", "Tsygany", "Eugene Onegin" and the novel "Besy" by F.M. Dostoyevsky. In the process of a complex study of linguistic facts, lexicographic sources were analyzed, which allowed us to describe the semantic structure of the word igra (game). Also considered are the word forms of the token igra (game) involved in the organization of the linking means of the text. In analyzing the peculiarities of using the lexeme, the game in the artistic text was subjected to study of its figurative-associative potential. These word forms, repeating themselves in the text, organize the semantic coherence of the text.

21.the shadows of russian: soviet and post-soviet cinema as course and discourse
Aygul Restamovna Salakhova, Ekaterina Vyacheslavovna Sergeeva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.70188  Pages 126 - 130
The present work addresses the problem of the conceptual content of “Soviet” / “Russian” cinema phenomena in terms of teaching visual anthropology (the course of Russian cinema in the didactics of RFL). The objectives of the study were determined by the practice of a distinct juxtaposition of meanings when thy use named adjectives as applied to cultural objects of different historical stages, in particular to films. The hypothesis that the boundaries of Russianness and Sovietism can be partly determined through cultural stereotypes and the values that are accumulated in the form of concepts and are subsequently reflected in linguistic and cultural phenomena was verified by analyzing the contact of specific discourses of individual films from the "golden fund" of the Soviet and post-Soviet period. We used general philological methods of transformational analysis, contextual and conceptual analysis, as well as a private method of intertextual analysis to test the hypothesis and solve the tasks, involving the analysis of meanings associated with the concepts put in the title. The research revealed that the verbal and non-verbal signs presented on the screen regularly appeal to the content of the cultural discourse, the elements of which are dynamically developed, transcoded and supplemented, complicating the discursive content for the representative of Russian identity outside the era (Soviet ↔ Russian). They also studied the cases of the “Russian” cultural code interpretation in cinema, identified with a fundamentally different cultural specificity, appealing to the emotional memory of native speakers of another language, as well as culturally significant stereotypes and frames outside the Russian language consciousness (Russian - non-Russian).

22.tatar children's folklore as a factor of ethnic identity
Gulfia Ilnurovna Gabdullaziyanova, Raushaniya Sagdatzyanovna Nurmukhametova, Gulnaz Rinatovna Mugtasimova, Kuldarhan Nurgazievna Smagulova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.70456  Pages 131 - 135
Modern global transformation, technocratism, unification and internationalization have predetermined the need to refer to such material in which ideas representing the characteristics of national color are subjected to scientific description. In this case, the relevance of this study is not in doubt. The relevance of the chosen scientific problem is due to several factors: firstly, in modern linguistics, the language of the Tatar children’s oral folk art was practically not studied, and secondly, there is the problem of lacunarity in considering the picture of the world represented in the texts of the Tatar children’s oral folk art.
The authors argue that the living existence of children's folklore in modern conditions is designed to ensure the continuity and reproduction of the foundations of the culture of the native people, the spiritual and moral well-being of modern society. The article attempts to review, generalize and describe the functional features, the national-cultural component of these units was identified. It is concluded that Tatar children's folklore has its own ethnocultural features. It is shown that children's folklore is the cultural texts of the native people. The idea is substantiated that the study of children's folklore and the identification of markers of ethnic identity makes it possible to preserve and develop the uniqueness of traditional culture in the multicultural diversity of modern communities. Having mastered the elements of folk culture, comparing and creatively interpreting them, children recreate the tradition, give it a new life.

23.personal nouns with the suffix - ин(я) in the nominative field of the word-formation category of feminitivity
Regina Guzaerova, Alexey Bastrikov, Darina Antonakova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.79847  Pages 136 - 139
The article is devoted to the analysis of names of female persons with the suffix -ин(я)/-ын(я), in the nominative field of the word-formation category of feminitivity. This category is distinguished on the basis of a common derivational meaning 'a female person belonging to the category of persons named a motivating noun'. In modern Russian studies, personal feminine nouns are of particular interest due to the fact that the peculiarities of their formation and use represent one of the most urgent problems of Russian-speaking society. The language material of our research includes 51 lexemes selected by a continuous sampling method from modern explanatory dictionaries, the National corpus of the Russian language (hereinafter referred to as the RNC) and the Russian-language media space. The history of the suffix -ин(я)/-ын(я) of personal nouns in Russian is described. The lexical and semantic composition of this word-formation type is defined, special emphasis is placed on the stylistic characteristics of these language units. The conclusion is drawn about the relationship between professional self-identification and the use of feminitives in speech.

24.translanguaging as a way to support international students to comprehend the content
Rinata Zaripova, Andrew Danilov, Leila Salekhova, Nnamdi Anyameluhor
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.82788  Pages 140 - 144
This paper aims to discuss and demonstrate how translanguaging can be a way to enhance computer literacy in polylingual CLIL course at Kazan Federal University (KFU). We describe some educational techniques based on the principle of translanguaging which can assist the international students to understand the content of “Computer Science” course such as: to discuss content in small groups using two languages; to brainstorm during class activities; to respond to a teacher’s question in mother tongue; to provide assistance to peers during activities; to enable participation by lower proficiency students. The survey among students was conducted to assess the effectiveness of translanguaging educational techniques. Thirty-two master students from the Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication of Kazan Federal University participated in this survey. The results of the survey showed that the implementation of translanguaging educational techniques for teaching “Computer Science” course received positive feedback, which was a prerequisite for further development in this area.

25.Tatar and English Folk Riddles about weather events
Nailya Ivanovna Faizullina, Radif Rifkatovich Zamaletdinov, Nailya Nuryjhanovna Fattakhova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.83435  Pages 145 - 148
Folklore texts quite clearly reflect the development of human thinking, as well as the categories that archaic people used to think in. Often the basis of a person's conclusions were made on visually observed processes. The phenomenon, which was difficult to imagine as an image, made it difficult to perceive. Weather phenomena often puzzled people, because it was difficult to explain the freezing of a puddle, the appearance of ice on the river, the frost of patterns on the window. Such results were attributed to an incomprehensible force or an incomprehensible subject. In this article, the object of research is riddles about weather phenomena in the Tatar and English languages. As a result of their linguistic and cultural analysis, we come to the conclusion that the basis for creating riddles about wind and other phenomena is their physical properties, such as speed and sound characteristics. Often in the case of applying the anthropomorphic code, we see that the riddler activates the idea of entering a person's home, the idea of trying to control weather phenomena. The study shows that the lack of visual fixation of weather events makes a person turn to other characteristics of the denotation.

26.People Of The Volga Region: The Attributive-Objective World Of Orders Of Poetry
Gulshat Ilshatovna Nureeva, Liailia Mingazova, Vladimir I. Rogachev
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.85579  Pages 149 - 153
The article examines the attributive-object world of the ritual poetry of the Mordovian people, reveals the original meaning, the mythological basis.
From the analyzed material it can be seen that in the attributive part of ritual poetry an important place is occupied by the subject-clothing complex, which are important sources of ritual poetry. For the first time in the article of national folklore, the article refers to the object-clothing complex and the object world of weddings, which have become an important source of Mordovian wedding poetry. This feature of national wedding folklore for a long time remained beyond the attention of scientists. They did not attach importance to such features of the national worldview as the spiritualization of the world, the endowment of objects with the soul, manifested in the appeal to them as living beings, in their great songs, dialogue with them
The Mordovian wedding, its poetry, along with rituals common to other nations, has its own peculiarities, originality that have developed due to historical circumstances and the originality of the ways of ethnocultural development.
The authors, on the basis of a significant number of materials, come to the conclusion that in the folklore of the Volga peoples there are similar genres that use similar artistic and visual techniques, linguistic, stylistic means.

27.a model of an exemplary classroom teacher in russia
Iskander E. Yarmakee, Tatiana S. Pimenova, Albina R. Abdrafikova, Maysa A. Atayeva
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.86094  Pages 154 - 159
Modernization of Russian education puts forward new goals, the solution of which can be provided by the introduction of innovative and flexible education curricula aimed at strengthening the educational process at Universities. The article throws some light on the current approaches to educating classroom teachers in Russia. Building up a model of an exemplary classroom teacher, the researchers put forward and make an attempt to answer the following questions:
● What makes the teacher “Teacher”?
● How does the exemplary teacher differ from anyone else?
● How to become an exemplary teacher?
● Who decides that the teacher is exemplary?
A cyclical paradigm of teacher education which combines three components of teacher training curriculum: teaching theory at University, research activities and compulsory teaching practice in schools, is aimed at solving two research questions: What key competences, attitudes, dispositions and knowledge are required of an exemplary teacher? How to form and develop key professional skills of pre-service teachers so that to have them become professionally strong classroom teachers? The authors assert that teacher education balanced by classical university education can shape an exemplary classroom teacher.

28.tatar word art in the context of ideological attitudes
Aigul Ildusovna Minnegalieva, Foat Galimullinovich Galimullin, Liailia Ihsanovna Mingazova, Gelyusya Faridovna Kayumova
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.91259  Pages 160 - 163
The article discusses the specifics of the existence of Tatar literature in the 1920s and 30s. By the example of the artistic creativity and journalism of the outstanding Tatar writer and public figure Galimjan Ibragimov, as well as the evaluation of his works in Tatar criticism of the first half of the 20th century, the nature of the influence of official ideology on the artistic consciousness is revealed.
The dominant influence of ideology over artistic consciousness has influenced both the content of literature and art, as well as the ideological orientation. This led to a narrowing of the themes of the works of Tatar writers of the 1920s and 30s, which was mainly limited to the image of the class struggle and military events. Poets and writers were required to boldly and quickly cover the pressing problems of that life. And this in most cases led to haste, the consequence of which were low-grade literary phenomena.
In the period under review, ideology influenced the correlation of writers' work to various literary areas (for example, to romanticism or realism), while there was an unshakable attitude - a progressive writer should be realistic. Such categoricalness led radically to incorrect interpretations. For example, the assessment of the work of the classic of Tatar literature G. Ibragimov, in particular of his novel “Young Hearts” was controversial not only in the twenties and thirties. But it remained so until the very last years.

29.on the history of literary translation from the minority languages of russia
Tao Li, Elvira Firdavilevna Nagumanova, Alina Alexandrovna Nakhodkina
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.93899  Pages 164 - 168
The article gives an overview of translations from the Tatar and Yakut languages into Russian in the XX-XXI century, reveals the features of the artistic reception of Tatar and Yakut literature in the Russian-speaking audience. The specificity of the approach to the translated material is determined depending on the historical time and level of development of the translation school in each of the literature. Despite the increased interest in translation as a form of dialogue between different literatures and languages in Russia, this topic is still of interest to researchers, as each era presents its own requirements for translation. The actual material of the study is the translated works of Tatar and Yakut writers. The purpose of the article is to consider different approaches and strategies in translating Turkish-language literature into Russian, to determine the place of translators' national identity in the perception of the literary works of Russian writers. The study confirmed that translators most often reproduce a variety of languages and cultures, create works that adequately and accurately convey the artistic world of a foreign author. Depending on the historical period, translations from national languages reveal different facets of Tatar and Yakut literature.

30.An Investigation into the Application of IAPLL Approved Terms by Iranian B.A English Translator Training Students
Shahla Zare, Mohammad Reza Falahati Qadimi Fumani
doi: 10.14744/alrj.2020.95698  Pages 169 - 179
Different nations endeavor to preserve their national languages against the wave of incoming foreign words. Yet, the availability of English as a lingua franca has affected other languages largely. Of course, different institutions have been founded in different countries to safeguard their national languages by introducing local equivalents for foreign terms. Iran’s Academy of Persian Language and Literature is one such institution but its success is a matter of debate. Accordingly, this paper assessed the tendency of 100 Iranian B.A. level students (freshmen, sophomore, junior and senior) of English translator training in application of IAPLL approved terms. To collect the data, a researcher-made questionnaire was used embodying 94 English terms each with four Persian equivalents (1 from IAPLL and 3 from three famous English-Persian dictionaries). The ordering of the four equivalents was random. The students were asked to read the English terms and select a Persian equivalent for each English word. One-sample t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The t-test revealed that the students’ application of IAPLL terms was very low. On average out of 94 English terms only for 25 terms the participants had used an IAPLL proposed equivalent. Regarding the four subgroups (freshmen, sophomore, junior and senior students), the results of ANOVA and Scheffe post hoc tests revealed that all the four groups had used IAPLL terms with low frequency (lower than the average). Further, within the four groups senior students had relatively used IAPLL terms more frequently than sophomore students (p<0.05) and that variations between the rest of the groups were not statistically significant. This indicates that despite the effort made by IAPLL, the participants did not use IAPLL terms much either due to their negligence of the Persian equivalents or because they thought English terms had already been institutionalized in Persian language.

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