The article discusses the specifics of the existence of Tatar literature in the 1920s and 30s. By the example of the artistic creativity and journalism of the outstanding Tatar writer and public figure Galimjan Ibragimov, as well as the evaluation of his works in Tatar criticism of the first half of the 20th century, the nature of the influence of official ideology on the artistic consciousness is revealed.
The dominant influence of ideology over artistic consciousness has influenced both the content of literature and art, as well as the ideological orientation. This led to a narrowing of the themes of the works of Tatar writers of the 1920s and 30s, which was mainly limited to the image of the class struggle and military events. Poets and writers were required to boldly and quickly cover the pressing problems of that life. And this in most cases led to haste, the consequence of which were low-grade literary phenomena.
In the period under review, ideology influenced the correlation of writers' work to various literary areas (for example, to romanticism or realism), while there was an unshakable attitude - a progressive writer should be realistic. Such categoricalness led radically to incorrect interpretations. For example, the assessment of the work of the classic of Tatar literature G. Ibragimov, in particular of his novel “Young Hearts” was controversial not only in the twenties and thirties. But it remained so until the very last years.