E-ISSN 2651-2629
Conceptual Metaphor as a Means of Terminological Nomination [ALRJournal]
ALRJournal. 2021; 5(2): 24-29 | DOI: 10.14744/alrj.2021.57805

Conceptual Metaphor as a Means of Terminological Nomination

Nadia Yesypenko1, Olena Yankovets1, Olga Beshlei1, Andrii Yankovets2, Ihor Bloshchynskyi2
1Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
2Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

Metaphors have been classically used as a means of linguistic expression marked by aesthetic, cultural, axiological value. Metaphors are distinguished as operating mechanisms in language as they underlie our everyday communication. Considering metaphorical transferences as a basic phenomenon that occurs throughout the whole range of language activity, in this article we try to study the input of metaphorical transferences into the formation of English terminological units relating to the modern border protection sphere. Military terminology cannot dispense with metaphorical elements to the extent that the frequent use of some metaphorical terminological units has proved the basic premise of Conceptual Metaphor Theory: metaphor is not simply a stylistic feature of language, but that thought itself is fundamentally metaphorical in nature. It is the frequency of terms usage in the military sphere that determines the levelling of vivid imagery, loss of novelty and comparison underlying metaphorical transposition. The evaluative colouring of the term recedes into the background, and the metaphorical nature is no longer perceived as a metaphor.

Keywords: terminological unit, conceptualisation, conceptual metaphor, metaphorical transference, meaning, border protection terminology

Nadia Yesypenko, Olena Yankovets, Olga Beshlei, Andrii Yankovets, Ihor Bloshchynskyi. Conceptual Metaphor as a Means of Terminological Nomination. ALRJournal. 2021; 5(2): 24-29

Corresponding Author: Ihor Bloshchynskyi, Ukraine
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