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Antonym Categories Endemic to Arabic: From Common Frames to Ad hoc Functions [ALRJournal]
ALRJournal. 2021; 5(6): 43-51 | DOI: 10.14744/alrj.2021.51423

Antonym Categories Endemic to Arabic: From Common Frames to Ad hoc Functions

Hamada S A Hassanein
Department of English, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia

This study identifies and exemplifies three discourse functions of antonymy endemic to Arabic but retrievable and replicable across other language varieties. It sets three specific objectives: (a) to identify the discourse functions of antonymy that Arabic can contribute to the current ones, (b) to identify the syntactic frames that trigger these specific discourse functions, and (c) to exemplify these functions and frames with typical instances from Arabic. To achieve these objectives, the study raises the following questions: (1) What are the discourse functions of antonyms which Arabic can specifically add? (2) What are the syntactic frameworks which trigger such functions? (3) How can these functions and frameworks be empirically verified and representatively typified? Data designed for this qualitative analysis comprise a sample gathered manually from cross-varietal Arabic genres: the Glorious Qur’an (GQ), the Prophetic Tradition (PT), the Divine Tradition (DT) and Arabic Paremiography (AP). Results show three discourse functions or categories of antonymy to be specific and endemic to Arabic. One category is subordinated antonymy which consists of a hypotactic sentential structure in that one antonym occurs in a protatic or subordinate clause and the other in an apodotic or superordinate clause. The second is exchanged antonymy which instantiates abstract antonyms as concrete tradable commodities. The third one is case-marked antonymy, in which anonyms play opposite grammatical or semantic roles, using cross-categorical frames. Further research is direly needed to champion and replicate these specific categories across other languages.

Keywords: Arabic antonyms, ad hoc functions, subordination, exchange, case marking

Hamada S A Hassanein. Antonym Categories Endemic to Arabic: From Common Frames to Ad hoc Functions. ALRJournal. 2021; 5(6): 43-51

Corresponding Author: Hamada S A Hassanein, Saudi Arabia
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