Orphanhood is one of the most important and urgent social problems in our country; naturally, this topic is reflected in literature, and literary men have their own ideas of the image of an orphan. This topic for modern children’s literature has not yet been studied. This explains the relevance of this topic. The article exposes the most adequate classification of psychological types of children for the analysis of images of orphans by E. I. Morozova. It analyzes two of the most distinctive works for childhood reading on this topic: Where There Is No Winter by Dina Sabitova (2011) and The Children of Dolphins by Tamara Mikheeva (2015), portrays the psychological types of their leading orphans. According to the selected classification, the category of “erudite” prevails in the works, which can be explained by the socio-historical characteristics of the era. Children who have lost their parents in their early age have to mature faster and learn to be accountable for their actions. Social upheaval and hasty marriages are the root cause of orphanhood in contemporary prose for childhood reading. However, the characters can belong to several categories of orphans at once. For example, Pavel from the story Where There Is No Winter simultaneously belongs to the category of “erudite” and “negativists”. And Gulya synthesizes the features of the categories of orphans – “dreamers” and “confused” – this shows a detailed analysis of the complex psyche of the heroes, therefore, a gesture portrait, the technique of rendition with colors, and dream are used in characterization. In the literature of this era one can note a positive view of solving the problem of orphanhood. Thus, works of children’s literature of the 21st century have a happy ending and are replete with affectionateness and warmth.Keywords: orphanhood, psychological type, “erudite”, “dreamers”, “confused”, “negativists”, gesture portrait.