E-ISSN 2651-2629
Borrowing in the Mirror of Hyper-Hyponymic Relations [ALRJournal]
ALRJournal. 2020; 4(8): 63-68 | DOI: 10.14744/alrj.2020.18199

Borrowing in the Mirror of Hyper-Hyponymic Relations

Anastasia Vladimirovna Ageeva, Liliya Rafailovna Abdullina, irina Yakovlevna balabanova, Diana Rustemovna Sabirova
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University

This article is devoted to the study of convergent-divergent specifics of the evolution of hyper-hyponymic paradigms of the French and Russian lexical systems and the establishment of its role in the borrowing process. The research methodology involves the use of lexical-semantic and contrastive analysis, diachronic description of language changes, as well as the methods of corpus linguistics, which allow to build a real picture of vocabulary functioning in the written sources. The study presents the results of a comparative analysis of the functional status and semantic structure of French prototypes and correlative borrowings in Russian as a factor of logical and hierarchical relations in the languages of different structural types. The authors formed a database of lexical units that fill the hyper-hyponymic paradigms of the words soupe / soup in French and Russian based on fiction, explanatory and etymological dictionaries, French and Russian culinary sites, and gave a detailed description of their formation processes and development. A review of allo- and isomorphic characteristics of the logical-hierarchical relations of the lexical units of contacting languages is performed. Intra- and extralinguistic factors are established to determine the general and specific features of the functional and semantic status of these units in the diachronic perspective, and their place within the framework of the logical and hierarchical structure is revealed.

Keywords: French, Russian, language contacts, borrowing, hyperonym, hyponym, logical-semantic relations

Anastasia Vladimirovna Ageeva, Liliya Rafailovna Abdullina, irina Yakovlevna balabanova, Diana Rustemovna Sabirova. Borrowing in the Mirror of Hyper-Hyponymic Relations. ALRJournal. 2020; 4(8): 63-68

Corresponding Author: Anastasia Vladimirovna Ageeva, Russia
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