The article is devoted to the study of the features of mythologization and demythologization in the Tatar poetry of the 1960s and 1980s against the background of a change in literary, aesthetic and sociocultural orienting points. It reveals the forms of mythologization and demythologization, the transformation of mythological images and plots in lyrical and lyrico-epic works in terms of their functions, role and artistic value. The timeliness of the study is determined by insufficient coverage of studies of the phenomena of mythologization and demythologization in the Tatar poetry of the 1960s ‒ 1980s. As part of the study, it is argued, that in the course of mythologizationin Tatar literature an idea of national problems is formed; moreover, a new socio-philosophical concept, that combines the national idea, social and universal philosophy, is developed. Demythologization is aimed at criticizing the totalitarian regime, where the hero’s tragedy is associated with a social and political background. The fundamental approach of the research is the hermeneutic one, directing the receptive activity of the reader towards the analysis of the principles and techniques of the image, the determination of typological similarities and peculiarity of artistic searches, which coincide and have differences in different periods of oral culture and different literary genres. In this vein, features of mythologization and demythologization in Tatar poetry of the 1960s – 1980s are revealed.Keywords: Tatar poetry, mythologization, demythologization, mythological images, mythological plots, structure.