E-ISSN 2651-2629
The Effect of Concept Mapping and Anticipation Guides on EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension [ALRJournal]
ALRJournal. 2020; 4(4): 57-69 | DOI: 10.14744/alrj.2020.83997

The Effect of Concept Mapping and Anticipation Guides on EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension

Fatemeh Hamedi, Seyyed Abdolmajid Tabatabaee Lotfi, Seyyed Amir Hosein Sarkeshikian
English Language Department, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom, Iran

Finding a technique that helps the learners become more proficient readers in English is a very important issue. In this research, the effect of two pre-reading activities, namely anticipation guides and concept mapping, were compared on Iranian EFL learners' reading comprehension. For this purpose, 90 EFL learners at elementary level of proficiency in English were chosen based on convenient sampling to take part. Based on the results from Solutions Placement Test of homogenization, they were assigned to three groups of 30 students. Before the treatment, a pretest of Preliminary English Test (PET) was administered. During the treatment, in one of the experimental groups, the concept mapping technique was used as pre-reading activity, in the other experimental group, anticipation guides were used for pre-reading, and in the control group, no pre-reading activity was used. The course took 10 sessions. After the treatment, another PET test was administered as the posttest and the results were compared with the pretest. The results of data analysis (ANOVA) showed that 1) concept mapping had a statistically significant effect on learnersí reading comprehension, 2) anticipation guide had a statistically significant effect on learnersí reading comprehension, and 3) there was no significant difference between the effects of concept mapping and anticipation guide on learnersí reading comprehension. Pedagogical implications for EFL teachers, institutes, materials developers and syllabus designers are also discussed, indicating that pre-reading activities are very important in the process of reading comprehension.

Keywords: Anticipation guides, Concept mapping, Pre-reading activities, Reading comprehension

Fatemeh Hamedi, Seyyed Abdolmajid Tabatabaee Lotfi, Seyyed Amir Hosein Sarkeshikian. The Effect of Concept Mapping and Anticipation Guides on EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension. ALRJournal. 2020; 4(4): 57-69

Corresponding Author: Seyyed Abdolmajid Tabatabaee Lotfi, Iran
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