E-ISSN 2651-2629
Lexico-grammatical Paradigm of the Category of Negation in Diachrony [ALRJournal]
ALRJournal. 2021; 5(1): 7-18 | DOI: 10.14744/alrj.2020.79037

Lexico-grammatical Paradigm of the Category of Negation in Diachrony

Nataliya Pasichnyk1, Nataliia Hotsa1, Anna Kosenko2, Olga Plavutska1, Ihor Bloshchynskyi3
1Department of Theory and Practice of Translation, Volodymyr Hnatiuk Ternopil National Pedagogical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
2Department of Communicative Linguistics and Translation, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
3Foreign Languages Department, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

This article is an investigation of the grammatical category of negation in diachrony. The issues of negation in logic and linguistics, negation as a grammatical category on the morphological and syntactic levels are highlighted. The authors state that in broad semantic terms negation can be expressed in morphologic and syntactic ways in natural language. The means of expressing negation constitute a hierarchically organized system of heterogeneous language units combined with a similar semantic function. Based on the theoretical premises, it is explained that negation as a grammatical category can be realized on both morphological and syntactic levels. On the morphological level negative affixes paradigm and separate parts of speech are taken into consideration, while on the syntactic level the whole negative sentence that includes one or more than one negator is observed. Negation is expressed by means of affixes that have explicative and implicative components in their meaning. Authentic affixes preserve the semantic meaning of the words they etymologically derive from, giving the word they join to, a special shade of negation. The main source of enrichment of the negative affixes paradigm and their new meaning are affixes borrowed from other languages. The study of the category of negation on different levels in diachronic aspect can help to observe the development of particular parts of speech, which can express negation, and serve as a base for further studies of negation in the different discourses and communicative situations. The prospects of further study in this field lie in investigating negation in different discourses and communicative situations, that would be essential for researching communicative strategies in anthropocentric paradigm.

Keywords: negation, diachrony, morphological level, syntactic level

Nataliya Pasichnyk, Nataliia Hotsa, Anna Kosenko, Olga Plavutska, Ihor Bloshchynskyi. Lexico-grammatical Paradigm of the Category of Negation in Diachrony. ALRJournal. 2021; 5(1): 7-18

Corresponding Author: Ihor Bloshchynskyi, Ukraine
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