It was revealed that the elegy did not enter the circle of traditional genres of Tatar poetry, despite the fact that many of the lyric works of Tatar authors are elegant in sound: “Broken hope”, “National melodies” of Tukay, “Morning wind if you fly in our direction”, “Will the wind rustle?” Dardmenda. It has been established that elegy as a genre of the Russian poetry is homologous to the elegiac mode of art in the national literature, namely, those works in which the memory of the lyrical hero of his past, his heightened sense of a violation of harmony with the universal being, acquires value. The actual basis of the research is formed by the elegies of Pushkin ("Desire") and Rob. Akhmetzyanova “Elegiya (Bu oyadan ochty koshlar)” - “Elegy (Birds flew from the nesting place”), “Ozata bara ak divarlar” - “We are escorted by white stone walls”. The analysis of multilingual elegies is based on the diachronous principle of comparing literature. The study found that poetics elegy Rob. Akhmetzyanova is close to the methods of Russian elegiac poetry of the XIX century. However, the ratio of subjective and objective in his works (lyrical hero and nature) is presented in a different, less pronounced form of contrast than in the Russian tradition. In addition, Tatar elegies are based on a synthesis of the studied genre with other artistic forms of national poetry of the 2nd half of the 20th century, and above all, idylls.Keywords: elegy, elegism, comparative method, Russian literature, Tatar literature, differences.